In this class you will learn how to analyse the data presented in a table and produce a coherent (easy to understand) overview.
The overview is one of the most important parts of your answer. Without an overview you will be unable to achieve a higher band.
The instructions for task 1 state:
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant
The overview should provide a summary of the data.
Read the following statements and decide if they are correct or incorrect.
Read the following overviews. Which are acceptable and which are unacceptable?
There are numerous problems with overview 1.
Although it starts with the appropriate signal word, details are presented and opinions are given which make it a bad overview.
It also only contains information about one set of data – car use - and so doesn’t give us an overview of the other important data.
This is a good overview.
It starts with the appropriate signal word, it provides an overview of the most to the least popular forms of transportation, and it doesn’t give any specific details.
Overview 3 starts well but finishes poorly as the writer writes about his city. Do not write about anything that is not shown in the data.
The table below provides data from one time. It does not show any change over time. In mathematics and academicresearch this is known as discrete data. It is like a photo providing an image of one specific time.
The table below gives information about the average percentage of money per month spent by consumers on fashion/clothing, entertainment/leisure and transport in 5 different countries.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
*These statistics are fabricated for use as learning materials
To write an overview of this data you need to summarise the most important features.
You should look for…
However, do not write about all of these things as it will make your overview too long. You must be selective so only summarise the most important features.
Which of the following overviews are acceptable and which are unacceptable?
This is unacceptable as the overview provides too much information, including details of the data.
This is a good overview, as it contains the main feature of the table (high spending on entertainment/leisure) and briefly mentions the exception.
Overview 3 contains too much detail so is overly long.
This is a strong overview until it mentions the price of transport in Singapore. This should not be included as this information is not displayed in the table.
Now you know how to paraphrase the topic of the data and what to put inside the overview. In the next class, we will have more practice at constructing the overview.