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Adjective and Noun Phrases

In the first lesson on line graphs we looked at some simple verbs that can be used to report changes in data.

In the second lesson on line graphs we looked at some important adverbs that you MUST use to give extra detail about changes in data.

In this class you will learn

  • Adjective and noun phrases to replace verb and adverb phrases
Read the two example sentences below.
  • The number of people travelling by bus rose significantly at the end of the year.
  • There was a significant rise in the number of people travelling by bus at the end of the year.

​In example sentence 1 a verb (rose) is used with an adverb (significantly) to illustrate the change in data.

In example sentence 2 an adjective (significant) is used with a countable noun (rise) to express the same idea.

Make sure you use both verb/adverb and adjective/noun collocations when you do academic task 1 as it will improve your band score for Lexical Resource and Grammatical Range.

Let’s practice.

Exercise 1

​Write the adjective form of the adverbs to complete the table.

Adverb Adjective
significantly significant
dramatically
steeply
sharply
gradually
slightly
slowly
steadily
wildly

Exercise 2

​Write the noun form of the verbs to complete the table.

Verb Noun
to rise a rise
to increase
to climb
to fall
to decrease
to decline
to drop
to fluctuate

Exercise 3

​Rewrite the following sentences. Start each sentence with There was or There were. Change the verb/adverb phrases to adjective/noun phrases.

1. The amount of money that the government spent on reading lessons declined gradually.
There was a gradual decline in the amount of money spent on reading lessons.
2. The number of people calling the customer service hotline to complain fluctuated wildly.
There was in the number of people calling the customer service hotline to complain.
3. The development of new cures fell dramatically.
There was in the development of new cures.
4. Funding for research into the development of clean fuels increased sharply over the ten-year period.
in the funding for research into the development of clean fuels over the ten-year period.
5. The release of new artists by major record labels decreased slightly last year.
in the release of new artists by major record labels last year.
6. The cost of the product fluctuated slightly over the period.
in the price of the product over the period.
7. The number of visitors to the palace rose steadilyuntil the ticket price was increased.
in the number of visitors to the palace until the ticket price was increased.
8. The number of people applying for housing dropped steeply several times over the year.
several in the number of people applying for housing over the year.
Now you have plenty of different vocabulary which should help you to accurately describe changes in data over time. Make sure you use a wide range of vocabulary in order to boost your Lexical Resource band.

In the next lesson on this topic we will look at some much more complex line graphs that those we have so far studied.