In the second part of our IELTS writing task 2 'Types of Tasks' series, we are looking at how to structure tasks that tells us to write about a problem and discuss the solution.
The previous blog post in the series talks about the structure of 'give your opinion' tasks. Don't forget to check it out if you haven't already.
Look at the task below.
The internet has transformed the way information is shared and consumed, but it has also created problems that did not exist before.
What are the most serious problems associated with the internet and what solutions can you suggest?
These questions ask you about the aspects of a problem:
Cause 1 and Solution 1 Paragraph
Cause 2 and Solution 2 Paragraph
One of the first problems of the internet is the ease with which children can access potentially dangerous sites. For example, pornography sites are easily accessible to them because they can register with a site and claim to be an adult. There is no doubt that this affects their thoughts and development, which is a negative impact for the children and for society. Another major problem is the growth of online fraud and hacking. These days, there are constant news stories about government and company websites that have been hacked, resulting in sensitive information falling into the hands of criminals.
It is important that action is taken to combat these problems. Governments should ensure that adequate legislation and controls are in place that will prevent young people from accessing dangerous sites, such as requiring more than simply confirming that you are an adult to view a site.
Parents also have a part to play. They need to closely monitor the activities of their children and restrict their access to certain sites, which can now be done through various computer programs. Companies must also improve their onsite IT security systems to make fraud and hacking much more difficult by undertaking thorough reviews of their current systems for weaknesses.
To conclude, the internet is an amazing technological innovation that has transformed people’s lives, but not without negative impacts. However, with the right action by individuals, governments and businesses, it can be made a safe place for everyone.
Answer the questions below, then compare your answers to ours.
- Introduction paragraph
- Problems paragraph (two problems are mentioned)
- Solution 1 paragraph
- Solution 2 paragraph
Another major problem is the growth of online fraud and hacking.
...there are constant news stories about government and company websites that have been hacked...
This is not the only way to divide up these paragraphs. We could also divide them up into a paragraph of dangerous site solutions and a paragraph of security solutions. Its up to you to decide what you like best, but make sure your decision is logical.
To conclude, the internet is an amazing technological innovation that has transformed people’s lives, but not without negative impacts.
The conclusion could be improved by briefly mentioning what the negative impacts are:
...but not without the negative impacts of exposure to dangerous websites and the stealing of sensitive information.
If you try and structure the paragraphs of your essay and the sentences in your paragraphs as we have suggested here, you are really going to improve your Coherence and Cohesion band score.
Just remember that everything you write must be connected to the question. Ultimately good structure is only half of the game – accurate use of a wide range of vocabulary and grammar is also very important so don’t forget to work on those as well.
We have a more in depth problem/solution essay class here.
Up next is a lesson teaching advantages and disadvantages essay types.
See you next time!
Note: If the interactive exercises aren't giving you a score, try refreshing the page.
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About The IELTS Test
Academic Writing Task 1
Academic Writing Task 2
Cause And Effect
Coherence And Cohesion
Complete The Notes
Complete The Table
Frequently Asked Questions
General Training Reading
General Writing Task 1
General Writing Task 2
Listening Section 1
Listening Section 2
Listening Section 3
Listening Section 4
Problem Solution Essay
Speaking Part 1
Speaking Part 2
Speaking Part 3
True / False / Not Given