Writing Task 2 | Linking Ideas Series

IELTS Lessons, written by Sam Morgan and Tom Speed

Linking words and phrases help connect our ideas in our essays so that our writing flows. In this exercise we will look at another band 9 essay and complete the gaps in the text with this key vocabulary.

Click here for Linking Words and Phrases Exercise 1

Exercise 1 | Study the words and phrases

Categorise the following linking words or phrases by their functions.
1. both
2. such as
3. and
4. however
5. on the other hand
6. but if
7. In conclusion

In today’s competitive world, many families find it necessary for both parents go out to work. While some say the children in these families benefit from the additional income, others feel they lack support because of their parents’ absence.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Give reason for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

​Exercise 2 | Complete the Model answer

First read the IELTS task 2 question below. Spend 5 minutes brainstorming different arguments that you could use in your essay.

Below is a high band example essay. You must choose the correct word from the box to complete the gapped sentences.
in the past   ·  nowadays   ·  who   ·  both  
Click or touch a word above
1. , a typical family consisted of a father went out to work and a mother who stayed at home and looked after the children. , it is the norm for both parents to work. This situation can affect children positively and negatively.
such as   ·  example   ·  that  
Click or touch a word above
2. Some people think that the children of working parents are in an advantageous position where their parents are able to afford more luxuries new clothes, video games or mobile phones. Proponents of this view argue children are able to enjoy and experience more from life due their parents’ extra wealth, for by going foreign holidays.
such things   ·  when   ·  on the other hand   ·  both   ·  and   ·  however  
Click or touch a word above
3. , there are those who claim that both parents work, their children do not get enough support and attention; meaning that these children might not do as well at school because there is no one at home to provide support with as homework or exam revision. The absence of parents at home could make it easier for children to get involved in such things as drugs or underage drinking. When I was growing up, my parents worked I was always well provided for. , I think that it would sometimes have been better if I could have seen more of my parents.
but if   ·  and   ·  which   ·  in conclusion  
Click or touch a word above
4. , I believe that we cannot change the fact that both parents have to work nowadays, it is not an ideal situation, parents make time for their children in the evenings at the weekends, then the children will not suffer in any way. It must be stated that the extra income generated by both parents working makes for a much higher standard of living benefits the whole family.

Does this essay have similar ideas to the ones you brainstormed? Remember that reading many essays is a great way to learn both how to use linking words and phrases and how to think about and develop your own arguments. Make sure to practice your reading as often as possible.

​Do you agree with the opinions expressed in this essay? Leave your ideas in the comments section below.

Worried that your essay ideas are not well connected to the IELTS task? Look at this guide to relevant ideas for help.

Now go on to Linking Words exercise 3!

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