Writing Task 1 | Maps Series

IELTS Lessons, written by Sam Morgan and Tom Speed

In our previous Maps Vocabulary class we studied the vocabulary needed to give locations. In this class you will learn some essential (very important) verbs which you need to use to show changes in land use. It is important for you to accurately use these verbs in order for you to get a higher score for lexis (vocabulary) in a maps writing task 1.

Exercise 1

Look at the maps and read the example task 1 response below.
The maps show the changes in the village of Wells-on-the-Water in the UK between 1985 and 2010.
Picture

Sample Task 1 Maps Answer

The maps reveal developments in the British village of Wells-on-the-Water over a 25-year periodOverall, it is clear that Wells-on-the-Water developed from a small, agricultural village to a larger and more commercial settlement.

The most notable development was that the forest north of Woods Drive was cleared and replaced with a new commercial area.  A new access road, Queen’s Drive, was constructed which connected Woods Drive to the area north east of the village. New shops were constructed along both Woods Drive and Queen’s Drive. In the south of the village, Mansion Lane was extended and a bridge was built allowing access across the river. New houses were constructed on both sides of Mansion Lane. All of this construction seriously reduced the amount of farmland around the village. The old farm house and the post office at the western end of Mansion Lane were demolished and replaced with a park. The post office was relocated to one of the new buildings on Queen’s Drive.

The largest building in the village in both years was the mansion. However, by 2010 it had been converted into a care home. Likewise, the old factory was converted into luxury flats.  Only Mansion Gardens remained unchanged throughout the period.

(204 words)

1. The writer has paraphrased the topic of the maps.
2. There is not enough information in the introduction
3. The writer has chosen the most important changes in the village to focus on first.
4. The writer should has stated precisely (written exactly) how many new houses and shops were built.
5. Both body paragraphs should be the same length.

Answer 5 Note

While we should aim for body paragraphs that are a similar length, it is more important that the paragraph content is organised in a logical way.


​Exercise 2

Here is a portion of the text again. Match the key verbs in bold with their definitions below.
The most notable development was that the forest north of Woods Drive was cleared and replaced with a new commercial area.  A new access road, Queen’s Drive, was constructed which connected Woods Drive to the area north east of the village. New shops were constructed along both Woods Drive and Queen’s Drive. In the south of the village, Mansion Lane was extended and a bridge was built allowing access across the river. New houses were constructed on both sides of Mansion Lane. All of this construction seriously reduced the amount of farmland around the village. The old farm house and the post office at the western end of Mansion Lane were demolished and replaced with a park. The post office was relocated to one of the new buildings on Queen’s Drive.

The largest building in the village in both years was the mansion. However, by 2010 it had been converted into a care home. Likewise, the old factory was converted into luxury flats. 

1. To completely destroy a building
2. To make something such as a road or train line longer
3. To move a business or building from one place to another place
4. To cut down a forest or area of woodland so it can be used for building
5. To change the use of a building
6. A synonym for ‘build’
7. To destroy a building a then build a new building in its place


Exercise 3

Look at the Academic Maps Task below.
The maps show changes in Port Philip, Australia between 1970 and 2000
Picture

Complete the sample task 1 below with the appropriate verb. You need to use one of the verbs more than once. 
demolished   ·  constructed   ·  replaced   ·  converted   ·  cleared   ·  relocated   ·  extended  
Click or touch a word above
The maps reveal developments in the Australian settlement of Port Philip over 3 decades from 1970 to 2000. Overall, it is clear that Port Philip developed from a small village to a larger industrial town over the period.
The most striking changes occurred in the east of the town where the forest and farmland were and with a large industrial district. A number of factories were here. Along the coast, the train line was to the east. There were also major developments in the southwest. The small houses to the south of Wellington Road were and replaced with blocks of flats. Wellington Road itself was to the west allowing for the building of more residential buildings.
The northwest of the town was less affected by change. The station remained in the same position next to the coast although the car park was to the west of Main Street. The lake and the forest surrounding it also remained unchanged. The boathouse on the other hand was into a sports centre.
(177 words)
Grammar Note

​Notice in both sample tasks that the passive voice is used a great deal. This is because we do no know – and it is not important – who was responsible for the developments in the towns. As the result of the action is more important than who did it, it is more suitable to use the passive voice. If you are unsure about this grammar, don’t fear, we have a Passive Voice lesson for you!

Remember the key to getting a high IELTS band is practice! Make sure you use what you have learned today again in the near future so that you don’t forget it. 

Let’s continue to study the structure of a Maps answer.

Share This