Writing Task 2 | Essay Language Series

IELTS Lessons, written by Sam Morgan and Tom Speed

Check how well you use prepositions in IELTS writing with our prepositions quiz.

Click on a preposition below and then click again on the gap in the text.

An increasing number of people are suffering from health problems as a result of eating too much fast food. It is therefore important for governments to impose a higher tax on this kind of food.

To what extent do you agree with this opinion?

about   ·  to(8)   ·  For   ·  for(3)   ·  with   ·  in(3)   ·  on(8)   ·  of(7)   ·  In(2)   ·  from  
Click or touch a word above
The population is becoming less healthy as people increasingly consume unhealthy food and don’t do enough exercise. I believe it is very important the government increase the tax fast food as it will encourage people to eat more healthily and will decrease the burden the National Health Service (NHS).
Increasing the tax fast food will force people to make healthier choices. If there is not a financial incentive, then people are unlikely break their unhealthy habits. An example of this is that although for decades there has been public health campaigns to reduce smoking, they had very little effect. However, since taxation tobacco products saw a steep rise around 10 years ago, the number smokers has fallen drastically as people don’t want or cannot afford pay more. Importantly, this has resulted record low numbers teenagers smoking. If we apply this same logic to fast food taxation, we could hopefully see record low numbers obese young people a decade, which is good for individuals and society as a whole.
the UK more tax payer money is spent treating obesity related conditions than is spent on the police force and fire service combined. A large amount the NHS’s workload is related to working obese people. Clearly, reducing obesity through greater taxation fast food would lessen the burden the health service and free both time and money to be spent other important areas medicine. Moreover, revenue the fast food tax could be used further promote healthy eating. example, money could be spent teaching children nutrition and how to cook healthy food themselves or provide a subsidy to pay overweight people to have access gyms.
conclusion, it is obvious that a fast food tax should be implemented order increase the healthiness of the general population and to raise revenue for promoting healthy eating and exercise while at the same time reducing the burden on the NHS. Unfortunately, I think the implementation such a tax is likely meet fierce resistance from the fast food industry and this is probably why we have not yet seen its implementation.
Great job if you got more than 70% right! If you got some wrong, go back and review the correct answers to help you remember for the future. Next let's analyse the band 9 response

Analysis of the Text

Answer the questions below, then click on the questions to see our answers.
1. How many sentences are there in the introduction?
​There are two. The first states the topic. The second gives the writer’s opinion (thesis statement). A good tip is to keep the introduction very short.
2. What is the main idea of the first body paragraph?
The main idea of the paragraph is how taxing fast food can be beneficial.
3. What example is used to support the idea?
​The writer gives the example of the smoking tax and how it has reduced smoking.
4. What is the main idea of the second paragraph?
​The main idea of the second paragraph is that not taxing fast food costs the taxpayer a lot of money and overburdens the national health service.
5. What does the writer suggest could be done with the revenue from the tax?
​The writer suggests that the money could be spent on promoting healthy eating. The writer gives two examples. First that it could be spent on educating children about nutrition and second that it could be used to teach them how to cook healthy food.
6. How many sentences are there in the conclusion?
​There are two sentences in the conclusion. The first summarises the writers two main points. The second adds a comment as to why we have not yet seen the tax being implemented. A good tip is for the final sentence of an opinion essay to be a comment such as a prediction or suggestion.
Now let's move on to the high level vocabulary used in the text.

Vocabulary

​While preparing for the test you should be trying to learn 10 to 15 new words a week. Let’s have a look at some interesting vocabulary which the writer used in the essay.

For each word, select the meaning. Click 'Get Score' when you are finished.​
MATCH THE VERB WITH ITS MEANING

1. Consume
Regular verb - ‘to eat’
Regular verb - ‘to advise someone to do or keep doing something’
Countable noun – money the government provides to make sure a product or service stays cheap
Uncountable noun – money the government makes from tax or tariffs
Countable noun – a lot of pressure or work or something very heavy

2. Encourage
Regular verb - ‘to eat’
Regular verb - ‘to advise someone to do or keep doing something’
Countable noun – money the government provides to make sure a product or service stays cheap
Uncountable noun – money the government makes from tax or tariffs
Countable noun – a lot of pressure or work or something very heavy

3. Burden
Regular verb - ‘to eat’
Regular verb - ‘to advise someone to do or keep doing something’
Countable noun – money the government provides to make sure a product or service stays cheap
Uncountable noun – money the government makes from tax or tariffs
Countable noun – a lot of pressure or work or something very heavy

4. Revenue
Regular verb - ‘to eat’
Regular verb - ‘to advise someone to do or keep doing something’
Countable noun – money the government provides to make sure a product or service stays cheap
Uncountable noun – money the government makes from tax or tariffs
Countable noun – a lot of pressure or work or something very heavy

5. Subsidy
Regular verb - ‘to eat’
Regular verb - ‘to advise someone to do or keep doing something’
Countable noun – money the government provides to make sure a product or service stays cheap
Uncountable noun – money the government makes from tax or tariffs
Countable noun – a lot of pressure or work or something very heavy




Great job. Now lets move on to collocations (words that like to be together).

Collocations

Using a range of collocations accurately is necessary for a higher band.

Match the two halves of the collocations. If you don’t know the meaning of a collocation then check the meanings below the activity. 
COMPLETE THE COLLOCATIONS
1. Decrease the
2. Steep
3. Fall
4. Apply the
5. Break



Click to see the meanings
​(verb) Break a habit – to stop a habit
(verb) Decrease the burden - to make something less heavy or difficult
(noun) Steep rise – something that goes up suddenly 
​(verb) Fall drastically – something that goes down suddenly
​(verb) Apply the same logic – to think in the same way

​Now it’s your turn. Try and write your own essay to answer the question above. Use your own ideas that are relevant to where you live.