Vocabulary In Context Series

IELTS Lessons, written by Sam Morgan and Tom Speed

Today we are going look at vocabulary used in a high band Academic Task 2 Problem-Solution essay.

Don’t forget to check out our other free Vocabulary in Context Lessons:
Vocabulary in Context 1
Vocabulary in Context 2
Vocabulary in Context 3


Exercise 1

Below you can find 10 useful words and phrases taken from an essay. These words have been chosen because you can use them to discuss a range of topics.

Match the word or phrase with the meaning.

1. Major factor (noun)
To reverse a process or situation
Caused by force, something compulsory
The natural home of a plant or animal
An important reason
To take a legal case against a person or company
2. Turned around (multi word verb)
To reverse a process or situation
Caused by force, something compulsory
The natural home of a plant or animal
An important reason
To take a legal case against a person or company
3. Habitat (noun)
To reverse a process or situation
Caused by force, something compulsory
The natural home of a plant or animal
An important reason
To take a legal case against a person or company
4. Enforced (verb)
To reverse a process or situation
Caused by force, something compulsory
The natural home of a plant or animal
An important reason
To take a legal case against a person or company
5. Prosecuted (verb)
To reverse a process or situation
Caused by force, something compulsory
The natural home of a plant or animal
An important reason
To take a legal case against a person or company

6. A prime example (noun)
Few or no laws about waste disposal
A very good example
Not trustworthy or honorable
The process of making something worse
Strict laws with tough consequences
7. Degradation (noun)
Few or no laws about waste disposal
A very good example
Not trustworthy or honorable
The process of making something worse
Strict laws with tough consequences
8. Harsher penalties (noun)
Few or no laws about waste disposal
A very good example
Not trustworthy or honorable
The process of making something worse
Strict laws with tough consequences
9. Unscrupulous (adjective)
Few or no laws about waste disposal
A very good example
Not trustworthy or honorable
The process of making something worse
Strict laws with tough consequences
10. Unregulated dumping (noun phrase)
Few or no laws about waste disposal
A very good example
Not trustworthy or honorable
The process of making something worse
Strict laws with tough consequences

Remember to write down new words and meaning in a vocabulary book.


Exercise 2

​Use the words or phrases in the box to complete the essay. Click on a word in the box and then click again on the gap in the essay. Some words or phrases must be used more than once.
More and more wild animals are on the verge of extinction and others are on the endangered list.
 
What are the reasons for this? What can be done to solve these problems?

Picture
habitat   ·  major factor   ·  a prime example   ·  prosecuted   ·  turned around   ·  enforced   ·  habitats   ·  degradation   ·  unscrupulous   ·  unregulated dumping   ·  harsher penalties  
Click or touch a word above
Many species today are becoming extinct or are at risk of becoming so. There are many reasons for this state of affairs and in this essay I will suggest solutions for the problem of destruction due to illegal logging and the of waterways by industrial waste.
A leading to the extinction of species in tropical countries is the destruction of due to illegal logging. Many tropical countries set aside large areas of forest as national parks, however, illegal loggers destroy these to obtain rare hardwoods. The orangutan, found in Indonesia and Malaysia, is of an animal being pushed to extinction because of this. They are protected by law in both countries, but the jungle in which they live is cut down by businessmen, often with links to the government and security forces. It is essential that more money is spent on recruiting and training forest rangers whose duty it is to protect natural parks. However, this solution will be useless until the corrupt government officers and security forces who are involved in the trade in rare wood are and handed harsher penalties in order to put off other would be corrupt officials.
Industrial pollution in waterways can poison the water and eventually lead to the death of most life in the affected river. Many rivers in Europe were declared dead in the early twentieth century due to the of industrial waste. However, this was by waste management laws being strictly and polluting businesses being , which clearly worked as fish have since returned to the waterways. Monitoring of waste and stricter laws need to be implemented in developing nations which are making the same mistakes that were made in Europe. Again, the key to improving the situation is investment in monitoring and for those found to be breaking the law.
Two major threats to wildlife are destruction due to illegal logging, and the pollution of rivers by industry. Both of these problems can be solved if the government is willing to spend the money and hunt down those breaking the law.

We hope that you have learned some new words and have a good idea of how to use them now. The key is to use them as often as you can so that you are confident when it comes to your IELTS test.

​For more vocabulary lessons, visit our Vocabulary page.

​Have questions or comments? Leave them below. See you next time!