Cause and effect relationships are an essential element of many academic texts. Understanding these relationships will help you to answer reading questions and also help you to write academic essays in which you have to give causes and effects.
Cause and effect are often presented in the same sentence. Either the cause or the effect can be at the beginning of the sentence so you have to look for clues in the vocabulary which the writer uses. These clues help you to understand the text effectively.
The following sentences have both cause and effect in the same sentence. Match the cause and effect to the sentence parts a) and b).
Example | Which part of the sentence is cause and which is effect?
- a) Countless lives have been saved b) through UN funded vaccination programs worldwide.
- Countless lives have been saved through UN funded vaccination programs worldwide.
The effect is a) ‘Countless lives have been saved…’
The cause is b) ‘…through UN funded vaccination programs worldwide’
Which is cause and Which is Effect?
Read the following text and complete the flow chart with the appropriate word or words from the text.
Ancient Egyptian Contributions to Science