Grammar | Gerund or Infinitive Series

IELTS Lessons, written by Sam Morgan and Tom Speed

​This is our fourth post on the topic of ing-forms and infinitives. Correct use of ing-verb forms and infinitives (to + verb) is essential for those seeking to get a high band score.

We have 3 other quizzes (that include short grammar lessons) to help you with this topic, so if you haven’t seen them yet then click the links below:

Gerund or Infinitive? Quiz 1
Gerund or Infinitive? Quiz 2
Gerund or Infinitive? Quiz 3

​​Can you remember what an infinitive is? Follow the link above to quiz 1 if you need to remind yourself. 

Quiz 4.1

Select the appropriate gerund or infinitive to complete each sentence below.
a. their research on data collected in Yorkshire primary schools, the researchers found that girls outperform boys in several subjects.
b. Digital technology allows us information anywhere and at any time, it easier for the individual at the times most suitable to them.
c. students on the path towards a meaningful job is the career advisor’s job.
d. For the majority of the class, the students were hard.
e. Sociologists spent a few months the differences between village and inner city schools.
f. The best thing a teacher can achieve is the pupil interested in the subject.
g. Successful educational institutions can the grades of most students.
h. After , many students stay on to take a masters.
i. to live in the area in which there is a good school, some parents move house when their children reach school age.
j. students are generally moved into higher ability classes.
k. Many parents a lot of money their children to private schools.

​Quiz 4.2 (Advanced)

Now we want to match the verbs we used in Quiz 4.1 to the correct verb pattern and use. When you have finished this activity, make sure you write the answers or take a screenshot so you can practice these verb patterns.

For example, in sentence b above we read ‘Digital technology allows us to access information…’. After the verb ‘allow’ we use ‘to + verb 1’. So an answer to question 1 below is ‘to access’.

Another example: In sentence c we see ‘Helping students on the path towards a meaningful job is the career advisor’s job.’. Here Helping’ is being used as a noun, so it is an answer to number 2 below.

​Now you can try the rest.

achieving   ·  to access   ·  graduating   ·  to inspire   ·  to send   ·  wanting   ·  to become   ·  helping   ·  working   ·  improve   ·  basing   ·  making  
Click or touch a word above
1. After certain verbs
2. As nouns
3. To show the purpose of something
4. In participle clauses
5. As part of a continuous verb tense
6. As adjectives
7. After prepositions

​Quiz 4.3

​Complete the following sentences. You must use the correct form of the verb as well as the additional information and you may have to add a preposition.
1. How about ? (ask/for/help)
2. Students were given the opportunity . (study/abroad)
3. Some parents tend their children. (be/overprotective/their children)
4. Lots of parents ask . (help out/school events)
5. The careers advisor usually starts by . (ask/lots/questions)
6. There are many possible ways of . (discover/correct/answer)
7. Many students find it impossible the correct pronunciation. (produce)
8. for educational research should be a high priority for the next government. (increase/funds)
9. The feedback highlights the poor performance of some pupils as well as . (suggest/some/possible/solutions)
10. My parents taught me that there are many important issues to consider when which course . (choose/which course/study/university)

​There we have it, our fourth installment in the gerunds and infinitives saga. If you have been following this series of posts and have managed to get good scores in today’s tasks, then hopefully you are on track to receive a high grammar band score for your writing and speaking, so well done! 

If you have any questions, let us know in the comments.

For more grammar practice, head to our Comparatives and Superlatives lesson.