Grammar | Band 7 Clauses 3 Series

IELTS Lessons, written by Sam Morgan and Tom Speed

We have looked at both passive and active participle clauses and their use in complex noun phrases. In this lesson we have 2 activities to strengthen your understanding of what we have learned so far.

Go through the lessons in the links above if you need to remind yourself about the grammar of participle clauses.


Exercise 1

​Complete the sentences with the correct active or passive participle.
Causing   ·  caused   ·  identifying   ·  Polluted   ·  polluting   ·  lived   ·  identified   ·  living  
Click or touch a word above
1. The man next door is very friendly.
2. The old apartment block, in by only a few families, is due to be demolished next year.
3. Economic problems by corruption and a lack of investment are likely to remain divisive.
4. a major protest, the government raised fuel prices.
5. Harmful emissions from the burning of fossil fuels the environment is one of the major problems we face today.
6. to the point of being classified dead 60 years ago, the river Thames in England is now full of life again.
7. Diabetes, by the health service as one of their biggest expenditures in terms of medication, is easily avoided if a person has a healthy lifestyle.
8. Many people themselves as speakers of minority languages feel more should be done to protect their linguistic heritage.


Exercise 2

​Rewrite the following sentences or pairs of sentences using participle clauses to make them shorter and more concise.
1. Students who rely on digital technology too much often struggle in exams.
Students digital technology too much often struggle in exams.
2. The original copy of the book, which was illustrated by a famous illustrator, is worth a lot of money today.
The original copy of the book, a famous illustrator, is worth a lot of money today.
3. Businesses which prioritize the happiness and well-being of their employees are likely to see their employees work harder.
Businesses the happiness and well-being of their employees are likely to see their employees work harder.
4. The statistics were analyzed by the government. The statistics were used to inform the new policy.
, the statistics were used to inform the new policy.
5. The family who will fund the new building want their name over the door.
The family the new building want their name over the door.
6. The American government prohibited alcohol in the 1920’s. The American government did nothing more than force people to break the law.
in the 1920’s, the American government did nothing more than force people to break the law.
7. The people who invested in cryptocurrencies in the early days made a lot of money.
The people cryptocurrencies in the early days made a lot of money.
8. Jason and the Argonauts sought after the golden fleece which was a mythical sheep’s skin.
by Jason and the Argonauts, the golden fleece was a mythical sheep’s skin.

We hope that you feel comfortable with using participle clauses. Remember to frequently practice, and sent us any questions you have in the comments section below.

For more free band 7 grammar lessons, see our Grammar Page.

Share This