This lesson will look at passive participle clauses.
Learning to notice participle clauses will improve your reading skills. If you use participle clauses in your speaking and writing it will also improve your grammatical range and accuracy band score.
The telegraph, developed in the 1830s and 1840s, completely changed communication.
Developed in the 1830s and 1840s, the telegraph completely changed
Examples 2 and 3 are examples of passive participle clauses. They have exactly the same meaning as example 1. Notice that the meaning is passive and that the relative pronoun ‘which’ and verb ‘be’ is omitted (deleted).
Exercise 1 | Identify the Grammar
Exercise 2 | Use the Grammar
Exercise 3 | Practice the Grammar
If you want to have a look at some free essay writing lessons, visit our Academic and General IELTS Task 2 Writing page.