Grammar | Band 7 Clauses 3 Series

IELTS Lessons, written by Sam Morgan and Tom Speed

Participle Clause with ​active participle:

​Students practicing their reading skills everyday will see their English improve quickly.

Participle clauses are a feature of academic texts. This type of clause is used to provide the same information as other types of clauses, such as relative clauses time clauses and reason clauses, but it does so more economically (less words are used to give the same information).

Learning to notice participle clauses will improve your reading skills. If you use participle clauses in your speaking and writing it will improve your grammatical range and accuracy band score.


Academic Language Analysis

​Look at the following example sentences.
Example 1

There are many low cost airlines today, which provide cheap travel options within Europe and Asia.

Example 1 is an example of a non-defining relative clause being used to add extra information to a main clause.  

Example 2

There are many low cost airlines today, providing cheap travel options within Europe and Asia.

Example 2 has exactly the same meaning as Example 1. It is considered to be a more complex sentence type as the relative pronoun has been deleted and the active participle (ing verb) has been used. Notice that the active participle can only be used if the meaning is active. Here ‘low cost airlines’ are the active subject. 

Let’s do some exercises to learn more.


Exercise 1

Select the two active participles in the following short text and put them in the two boxes below.
The Answers Explained

being cheap and operating frequent flights’.
  • Meaning: The new airlines were very successful because they were cheap and operated frequent flights.
  • The active participle clause is used to replace the reason clause (because).


Having remained popular for several decades,…

  • Meaning: The airlines remained popular for several decades but more recently they have suffered as their operating costs have had to go up.
  • A clause starting with ‘having’ is commonly used to start a sentence and shows that one action occurred before another. So, in the example, first the companies were successful and later they suffered.


Exercise 2

​Choose an active participle from the box to complete each of the following sentences.
Drawing   ·  Having   ·  being   ·  containing   ·  using   ·  revealing  
Click or touch a word above
1. Books shameful government actions are banned in certain countries.
2. The minister left a briefcase important and secret state documents on the train.
3. The new manager is good at her job, both friendly and hard working.
4. on a wide range of different sources, the new research provided a fascinating overview of the subject.
5. studied for years, he felt the time was ready for him to start a career.
6. People a car to commute to work at peak times will have to pay more for city center parking from now on.


Exercise 3

​Rewrite the following sentences using active participle clauses.
1. He copied the essay from the internet. He failed the assignment.
the essay from the internet, he failed the assignment.
2. People who frequently drink heavily are at higher risk of getting certain types of diseases.
People heavily are at higher risk of getting certain types of diseases.
3. He owns several big houses. He is a rich man.
big houses, he is a rich man.
4. He is not a good person for the position since he is lazy and unsociable.
He is not a good person for the position, and unsociable.
5. The train which is arriving at platform 3 is the 3:15 for Manchester Piccadilly.
at platform 3 is the 3:15 for Manchester Piccadilly.
6. After he was accused of corruption. He was fired.
After of corruption, he was fired.

Now you know about active participle clauses, use them in your writing to really impress your IELTS examiner. 

Now it’s time to learn about Passive Participle Clauses.

We have many more free Band 7+ Grammar Classes for you here.

Share This