Last in our grammar series we looked at Infinitives of purpose. Today we are learning how to use active and passive language to help us describe processes that we often see in task 1 of the IELTS academic writing test.
We also have a guide to writing about processes for you to try.
For more Band 7 Grammar lessons, follow these links:
Complex Noun Phrases
Warm Up Activity - Key Vocabulary
First let's study the vocabulary that we will be using in today's lesson. Match the words to the definitions by selecting a word, then selecting a gap.
|At the point that warm air (reach) high ground, it is forced to ascend, and, as a result, it (cool). Moisture in the air (condense) and forms rain. The rain (fall) on the highlands and (find) its way into streams and rivers from which it (flow) towards the sea. Then the process can (begin) again.|
The Passive Voice
Notice the form of the verb be – are.
To form the passive, we use be + past participle (verb 3). You must use the correct form of the verb be for number, person and tense. Usually, when we describe a process we would use the present simple (is/are) unless it is explicitly stated to be a past or projected future process.
If we want to include the agent of the verb we can use ‘by’.
For example: The letters are taken to the sorting station by postmen.
Let's practice this grammar with a few activities.
Activity 2 - Passive or Active?
Activity 3 - Passive Process Gapfill
|First, used bottles are (put) in the plastic recycling bin. Next, the used bottles (collect) and (take) to the factory which will recycle the bottles. Following transportation, the bottles (heat) and (melt). Then they (form) in to new bottles. After cooling, the recycled plastic bottles (distributed) to companies in order that they can (refill) and sold to the public.|
| Gavin Houtheusen/Department for International Development [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)]
|Cement (make) from a number of ingredients. The primary ingredient of cement is limestone. Limestone (form) millions of years ago from dead sea creatures. It (extract) from the ground. After extraction it (take) to a factory. After it arrives, it (crush) Then, it (heat) to a high temperature with various other ingredients. Following this, cold air (cool) the limestone mixture down into cement.|
Note: If the interactive exercises aren't giving you a score, try refreshing the page.
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About The IELTS Test
Academic Writing Task 1
Academic Writing Task 2
Cause And Effect
Coherence And Cohesion
Complete The Notes
Complete The Table
Frequently Asked Questions
General Training Reading
General Writing Task 1
General Writing Task 2
Listening Section 1
Listening Section 2
Listening Section 3
Listening Section 4
Problem Solution Essay
Speaking Part 1
Speaking Part 2
Speaking Part 3
True / False / Not Given