The introduction for an IELTS academic
1 map question should consist of only two to three sentences.
In the previous Maps Intro Paragraph class we looked at how to write the first sentence. The first sentence should paraphrase the information in the question and give details about place and time.
In this class we will look at how to complete the introduction paragraph with an overview sentence.
What is an Overview?
An overview is typically a single sentence that describes the important elements of the map or maps. It is important to give this overview of the main trends or features in order to get a higher band for task achievement. You must report what major
changes the maps show without giving too much detail
. Detail to back up your overview should be included in the body paragraphs.
Note: An overview is important for all IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 task types.
First let’s look at some key vocabulary for discussing changes in maps.
Exercise 1 | Map Vocabulary
Complete the definitions with a key adjective from the box.
Notice that we can call a part of the city a ‘district’ or an ‘area’
To write a successful overview you need to make sure you mention the major change or changes the maps show.
Exercise 2 | Overview Sentences
Look at the following 5 maps and complete the overview sentences with the appropriate
adjectives from the box.
Notice that we don’t need a noun
after the first adjective
, as long as the noun
is after the second adjective
The maps present a transformation from a mainly industrial area to a largely commercial area.
We can shorten this to
The maps present a transformation from a mainly industrial to a largely commercial area.
We have now seen how to write a complete introduction paragraph of two sentences. Use the prompts below to write a complete introduction for the following question.
The maps below show the town of Greenwood in 1985 and 2005.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant
Make 2 sentences using the words provided, then compare your answer to ours.
: Maps / reveal / developments / 20-year period
/ town / GreenwoodSentence 2
: They / illustrate / transformation / rural / industrial / high-rise / town
Our Introduction Paragraph
The maps reveal developments over a 20-year period in the town of Greenwood. They illustrate a transformation from a mainly rural to an industrial and high rise town.