Many students struggle to write effectively about line graphs in Academic Writing Task 1. This is the first post in a series that will help you to understand line graphs and teach you the vocabulary you need to accurately write about them.
The first step is to look at graphs and read descriptions of them. You can copy the vocabulary that you read while doing the activity and use it when you are writing.
First have a look at the 8 different line graphs. How would you describe them?
Now match each graph with a description below.
Match the Graph to Its Description
|To go up|
|To go down|
|To not change|
Note that in task 1 we are expected to provide data, not just descriptions. Click the box below to find out how to do this.
Note that these prepositions are used for amounts of coffee, not time. We should also use prepositions for adding time detail, but that is for another lesson.
a) Sales of coffee declined and then leveled off at (+ low level value).
b) Sales of coffee decreased by (+ amount lost) and then increased by (+ amount gained).
c) Sales of coffee fluctuated around (+ central value in the middle of the fluctuation) and then dropped to (+ final low value).
d) Sales of coffee rose over the period to (+ final high value).
e) Sales of coffee climbed by (+ amount gained) and then fluctuated between (+ high value of fluctuation) and (+ low value of fluctuation).
f) The general trend was downward but the sales of coffee fluctuated towards the end of the period between (+ high value of fluctuation) and (+ low value of fluctuation).
g) Sales of coffee fell over the period by (+ amount lost).
h) Sales of coffee remained steady over the period at (+ steady value).
Can you think of any other useful verbs to use to describe changes in data? Leave your ideas in the comments section below.
Let's continue to our next lesson in the series: Line Graphs 2
For more Task 1 exercises, visit our Academic Writing Task 1 page.
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About The IELTS Test
Academic Writing Task 1
Academic Writing Task 2
Band 7 Grammar
Cause And Effect
Coherence And Cohesion
Complete The Notes
Complete The Table
Data And Figures
Frequently Asked Questions
General Training Reading
General Writing Task 1
General Writing Task 2
Grammatical Range And Accuracy
Listening Section 1
Listening Section 2
Listening Section 3
Listening Section 4
Problem Solution Essay
Speaking Part 1
Speaking Part 2
Speaking Part 3
True / False / Not Given