Archive Lessons Series

IELTS Lessons, written by Sam Morgan and Tom Speed

For upgraded material, please go to our new, more complete Pie Chart with Discourse Markers lesson here.

For the old lesson, continue reading.

​Can you effectively use discourse markers in your academic writing? Try this 2-activity quiz to find out!

The pie charts below show the number of journal articles read per week by all students, PhD students and junior lecturers at an American university.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Picture


​Activity 1 – Fill in the gaps

Click on a word in the box and then click again on a gap in the text to complete the passage.
whereas   ·  which   ·  furthermore   ·  that   ·  respectively   ·  and   ·  for example   ·  how   ·  meanwhile   ·  but  
Click or touch a word above
1. The three charts demonstrate many academic journal articles are read each week by all students at at an American university compared to just the PHD students junior lecturers at the same institution.
2. , 12 articles per week are read by the vast majority of people studying for doctorates in comparison with the average student. The proportions are 80% and 12% . , on average 67% of all students read 1-5 articles, for PhD students this figure is only 5%.
3. , for junior lecturers this pattern appears to be a little different. 6 or more articles a week are read by an overwhelming 99% of junior lecturers, out of this group 24% read 12 or more articles, is almost a third of the corresponding figure for PhD level students.
4. It is obvious from the charts PhD level students read far more articles than either junior lecturers or the average student.


Activity 2 – Match the meanings

WHAT IS THE MEANING OF EACH LINKER?
1. Respectively
At the same time
Adds further evidence or supporting ideas
Organizes data or examples in a sequence
Shows a contrast
2. Meanwhile
At the same time
Adds further evidence or supporting ideas
Organizes data or examples in a sequence
Shows a contrast
3. Furthermore
At the same time
Adds further evidence or supporting ideas
Organizes data or examples in a sequence
Shows a contrast
4. Whereas
At the same time
Adds further evidence or supporting ideas
Organizes data or examples in a sequence
Shows a contrast


We hope you have found this quiz useful. If you have a questions, leave them in the comments section below.

​For more interactive activities, visit our Interactive Exercises page. 
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