Cause and effect is a very common academic theme. You need to know how to express cause and effect relationships so that you can write an effective Task 2 essay.
For more examples of cause and effect language, view our Cause and Effect Reading Lesson.
be affected by
be altered by
be caused by
be facilitated by
be transformed by
be modified by
be triggered by
The rising temperature of the sea is contributing to the destruction of coral reefs.
The destruction of coral reefs is facilitated by the rising temperature of the sea.
Exercise 2 | Identify the Cause
An impact of the rising temperature of the sea is the destruction of coral reefs.
A cause of the destruction of coral reefs is the rising temperature of the sea.
|1.||Tsunamis often other disasters. (verb: trigger)|
|2.||Many medical problems pollution. (verb: cause)|
|3.||The earthquake the destruction of the city around 2000BC. (verb: lead to)|
|4.||Recent advances in astronomy have the work done by the Hubble space telescope. (verb: owe much to)|
|5.||Advances in science have improving the quality of life in developed societies over the last 100 years. (verb: contribute to)|
|6.||Many people believe better exam results is easier tests for school children these days. (noun: reason)|
|7.||Higher levels of hygiene have removed infection. (noun: source of)|
|8.||her repeated success was that she worked very hard. (noun: reason)|
For more practice, try our Cause and Effect Prepositions Quiz.
We also have a Cause and Effect in Academic Texts lesson for you.
For more free essay writing lessons, visit our IELTS Task 2 Essay Writing page.
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About The IELTS Test
Academic Writing Task 1
Academic Writing Task 2
Cause And Effect
Coherence And Cohesion
Complete The Notes
Complete The Table
Frequently Asked Questions
General Training Reading
General Writing Task 1
General Writing Task 2
Listening Section 1
Listening Section 2
Listening Section 3
Listening Section 4
Speaking Part 1
Speaking Part 2
Speaking Part 3
True / False / Not Given