Grammar | Band 7 Clauses 1 Series

IELTS Lessons, written by Sam Morgan and Tom Speed

Today we are learning about clauses of sentences that give results. ​
Vocabulary similarity warning:
Clause = a part/section of a sentence
Cause = Something that produces a result (Heavy rain was the cause of the flood.)

Read the following example sentence.
Large numbers of people complained about the tax, which lead the government to change the law.
1. Which clause contains the cause?
2. Which clause contains the result?

How do we use a which clause of result?

  • We can use which clauses to express results.
  • The which clause must follow the main clause which expresses the cause.
  • We use a verb after which
  • The two clauses are separated with a comma. 

Using this type of structure shows the examiner that you have good control of high level grammar, which will benefit your grammar band score in both speaking and writing.
(Bonus: Can you spot the result clause in the previous sentence?)

Exercise 1

Combine the following pairs of sentences with a which clause. You may need to include a verb such as ‘means’ or ‘makes’ to complete some of the sentences.
Example:
1. I have to check my spelling after I write something. This slows down my writing.

To turn this into one sentence with a which clause we can write:

I have to check my spelling after I write something, which slows down my writing.

Complete the Sentences with ‘Which’

2. The internet provides a huge amount of information. This makes it very easy for students to research topics they are unfamiliar with.
The internet provides a huge amount of makes it very easy for students to research topics they are unfamiliar with.
3. There is a lot of crime in inner city neighbourhoods. Many people want to move out of inner city neighbourhoods.
There is a lot of crime in inner city many people want to move out.
4. Robots are replacing people in factories. There are less manufacturing jobs.
Robots are replacing people in there are less manufacturing jobs.
5. The internet makes it possible for many people to work from home. This reduces expenses and worker stress.
The internet makes it possible for many people to work from reduces expenses and worker stress.
6. The problem is caused by a lack of training. This stops workers from completing projects to deadline.
The problem is caused by a lack of stops workers from completing projects to deadline.
7. People today expect instant responses. Consequently people’s attention spans are shortened.
People today expect instant people’s attention spans.


Exercise 2

​Read the essay question below.
More and more people are moving to cities.
What are the causes for this? What effects does this have?

Write 250 words.

To receive some free feedback, copy and paste your essay into the comments section below. ​Remember to use the language that you learnt today.

For more Band 7 Grammar Lessons,visit our Grammar Page.
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