A non-defining relative clause is used to provide extra information about a noun. Using non-defining clauses allows you to combine information from more than one sentence making your writing more cohesive. It also shows the examiner you have at least a band 7 understanding of English grammar.
For Example - My garden, which is often full of cats, attracts a lot of small birds
Here the non-defining relative clause provides more information about the garden.
With non-defining relative clauses:
My garden, that which is often full of cats, attracts a lot of small birds. X
My garden, which is often full of cats, attracts a lot of small birds. ✓
My garden, which is often full of cats, attracts a lot of small birds.
– which refers to garden.
Many people believe we shouldn’t test medicines on animals, which is difficult if we want to keep people safe.
– which refers to the whole main clause (Many people believe we shouldn’t test medicines on animals).
Now let's practice!
|1.||Some students live very close to university. This allows them to get up later than others.|
|Some students live close to university, them to get up later than others.|
|2.||The science and technology museum is in Manchester. It has many great displays for young people.|
|The Science and Technology museum, , has many great displays for young people.|
|3.||My uncle Philip is very funny. He is coming to the party.|
|My uncle Philip, , is coming to the party.|
|4.||The text was about ancient Egyptian history. It was fascinating.|
|The text, about ancient Egyptian history, fascinating.|
|5.||He met her at the party. The party was at my house.|
|He met her at the party, .|
|6.||I started at Microsoft in 2008. I worked there until recently.|
|I started at Microsoft in 2008, I worked until recently.|
|7.||I asked the police for directions. He was not very friendly.|
|I asked the policeman, , for directions.|
|8.||Althea and Donna sang Uptown Top Ranking. It was a hit in England.|
|Althea and Donna , in England.|
|9.||People often drive very too fast. This is dangerous.|
|People , dangerous.|
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