A non-defining relative clause is used to provide extra information about a noun. Using non-defining clauses allows you to combine information from more than one sentence making your writing more cohesive. It also shows the examiner you have at least a band 7 understanding of English grammar.
For Example - My garden, which is often full of cats, attracts a lot of small birds
Here the non-defining relative clause provides more information about the garden.
With non-defining relative clauses:
My garden, that which is often full of cats, attracts a lot of small birds. X
My garden, which is often full of cats, attracts a lot of small birds. ✓
My garden, which is often full of cats, attracts a lot of small birds.
– which refers to garden.
Many people believe we shouldn’t test medicines on animals, which is difficult if we want to keep people safe.
– which refers to the whole main clause (Many people believe we shouldn’t test medicines on animals).
Now let's practice!
|1.||Some students live very close to university. This allows them to get up later than others.|
|Some students live close to university, them to get up later than others.|
|2.||The science and technology museum is in Manchester. It has many great displays for young people.|
|The Science and Technology museum, , has many great displays for young people.|
|3.||My uncle Philip is very funny. He is coming to the party.|
|My uncle Philip, , is coming to the party.|
|4.||The text was about ancient Egyptian history. It was fascinating.|
|The text, about ancient Egyptian history, fascinating.|
|5.||He met her at the party. The party was at my house.|
|He met her at the party, .|
|6.||I started at Microsoft in 2008. I worked there until recently.|
|I started at Microsoft in 2008, I worked until recently.|
|7.||I asked the police for directions. He was not very friendly.|
|I asked the policeman, , for directions.|
|8.||Althea and Donna sang Uptown Top Ranking. It was a hit in England.|
|Althea and Donna , in England.|
|9.||People often drive very too fast. This is dangerous.|
|People , dangerous.|
Thanks for checking out our lesson. Got any questions? Leave them in the comments section below.
Now try our Relative Clauses Lesson!
For more great grammar exercises, visit our Grammar Page.
Note: If the interactive exercises aren't giving you a score, try refreshing the page.
IELTSTutors.org - All these IELTS lessons are completely free, so enjoy studying and let us know if you have any questions or suggestions!
About The IELTS Test
Academic Writing Task 1
Academic Writing Task 2
Cause And Effect
Coherence And Cohesion
Complete The Notes
Complete The Table
Frequently Asked Questions
General Training Reading
General Writing Task 1
General Writing Task 2
Listening Section 1
Listening Section 2
Listening Section 3
Listening Section 4
Speaking Part 1
Speaking Part 2
Speaking Part 3
True / False / Not Given