Next in our series of posts on how to reach a band 7 in grammar is how to form complex noun phrases.
If you haven't checked them out yet, the other lessons in the Band 7 series can be found on our grammar page.
Effectively using complex noun phrases makes your writing more academic and precise. Articles written by native speakers generally contain a lot of complex noun phrases and so studying these phrases will help you with reading comprehension as well.
This post will:
We can modify nouns. This means that other words are used with nouns to provide more precise information.
You should already be familiar with how to modify noun phrases by using quantifiers, determiners and adjectives. Now let’s look at some more complex noun phrases.
Post Modifying Nouns
Post means after. In order to create complex noun phrases, we put information after the noun we are modifying. A number of different grammatical structures can be used for doing this.
Look at the examples of post modified nouns below. The main noun (head) is in bold.
Each example shows a different structure post modifying the noun in bold. Let’s investigate what they are.
Noun phrases are often modified by more than one structure. For example:
Antique cars, which are bought in SE Asia, are resold in Australia
The noun ‘cars’ is pre modified with the adjective ‘antique’.
It is post modified with a relative clause (which…bought) and a prepositional clause (in…Asia).
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