Many students of English and even native speakers make errors with affect and effect. This class will help you to use this vocabulary more accurately.
After 'There are many' we must use a plural noun (in this example we use 'positive effects').
If the sentence was singular it would look like this:
'There is a positive effect of increased investment in public transport.
The second sentence looks confusing because there are two verbs next to each other: 'invests' and 'affects'. How is this possible?
It is possible because 'invests' is a part of a long compound noun:
'The amount of money that the government invests'
We can simplify this compound noun to just 'money' so that the sentence becomes: 'Money affects the quality of public transport.'
|1.||What did his decision have on you?|
|2.||The bad weather over the last winter period severely safety on the regions roads.|
|3.||The rising price of oil next year the price of basic commodities.|
|4.||The of the best educated people in society leaving to seek better paid work in foreign countries can reduce a country’s ability to modernize.|
|5.||Does politics have an on your life?|
|6.||The of the volcanic eruption and resulting tsunami were numerous.|
|7.||Extreme forest fires California last year.|
|8.||The media has a large on the way people vote in elections.|
|9.||The new rule had an on the number of students who enrolled at the college.|
|10.||Close bodily contact positively an individual’s immune system.|
|11.||How do you think global warming your country over the coming decades?|
|12.||You should see if the medicine is having a positive within a few days.|
While you wait, have a look at our other Vocabulary Exercises.
Remember a collocation is a pair or set of words that are usually found together (eg 'wake up', 'interested in, 'good at')
Charles Babbage's 1840 Analytical Engine Design. (Computer History Museum)
What do these words mean?
associated - connected with something or someone.
specialised - used or prepared for a special function.
consist - to be made/built/composed of.
depend - to need/rely on.
invest - to give money to a project or business.
attribute - to give a reason for something/be caused by
|1.||I will animal psychology when I start my postgraduate studies next year.|
|2.||The Mona Lisa, a famous painting of a sitting girl, is Leonardo Da Vinci.|
|3.||Some people are very intelligent and achieve great academic results with a minimum of effort but the rest of us hard work and luck.|
|4.||If you ethical businesses, you can improve your finances and make the world a better place.|
|5.||Coal carbon and other elements that formed when plants died and were subjected to heat and pressure over millions of years.|
|6.||Obesity is a lack of exercise and high intake of calories.|
For more, see our Collocations Quizzes.
Many students find it difficult to use the correct linking words when they start to study academic English rather than general English. This is the first of our classes that will teach you a wide range of linking words and guide you to use them accurately in your writing. Accurate use of linking words and phrases will improve your score for coherence and cohesion and also your score for lexical range and accuracy (vocabulary).
This word is used to give an idea that supports or adds information to your main idea. It is used before the main verb.
For example, Car sales also increased in Germany.
It is used between the auxiliary verb and the main verb.
For example, Car sales have also increased in Argentina.
This adverb is used at the start of a sentence that is adding similar facts or ideas.
For example, More time needs to be spent educating people about the drawbacks of social media. Similarly, we should teach children about how to correctly make use of the internet.
This word is usually used at the start of a sentence which adds contrasting or surprising information. This word is an academic synonym for but.
For example, The sale of cars fell in the UK. However, overall worldwide sales showed an increase.
This word can be used mid-sentence to link two contrasting clauses but a comma must be used both before and after it.
For example, The sale of cars fell in the UK, however, overall worldwide sales showed an increase.
This adverb can be used at the beginning of a sentence which give the result of something described in the previous sentence.
For example, Sales fell dramatically in the UK. Consequently, the company went bankrupt and closed down.
Exercise 1 | Know the relationship of ideas
There are 8 incomplete sentences. One word has been deleted from each sentence. It is important to understand the function of words (why they are used). The missing word may be used for one of the following functions.
- To add supporting information
- To show contrast
- To show a result
|It is clear that the use of traditional fossil fuels to power vehicles and create the electricity is not sustainable. In certain countries plans have been made to remove petrol and diesel powered cars over the next 15 to 20 years. Both universities and companies are researching appropriate replacement technology and advances in this technology are occurring all the time. 1. , companies and governments are spending more and more on research into renewable energy such as solar power, which can provide cheap energy in the sunny areas of the planet. Wind farms 2. provide a good source of alternative energy, this time for colder, cloudier northern countries such as the UK. 3. , we are seeing big changes in the way that energy is produced in many parts of the world.|
|This technology is reducing the pollution created by electricity production and is 4. becoming more affordable. 5. , there is much work still to be done if we are to save the planet from the dreadful effects of global warming that scientists predict will occur. More must be done to reduce toxic gas emissions from electricity production. 6. , we must drastically reduce the number of fossil fuel powered vehicles on the road. Some polluting energy companies are unwilling to change their businesses, 7. , some are spending more money on renewable energy research. 8. , there is much to feel positive about in terms of the fight against polluting technology but society must keep working together towards the goal of a cleaner healthier world.|
Exercise 2 | Apply Linking words
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About The IELTS Test
Academic Writing Task 1
Academic Writing Task 2
Cause And Effect
Coherence And Cohesion
Complete The Notes
Complete The Table
Frequently Asked Questions
General Training Reading
General Writing Task 1
General Writing Task 2
Listening Section 1
Listening Section 2
Listening Section 3
Listening Section 4
Speaking Part 1
Speaking Part 2
Speaking Part 3
True / False / Not Given