One of the biggest problems students have when given an Agree/Disagree or Point of View essay task for Task 2 of the IELTS Writing Test, is that they find it difficult to think about relevant arguments. This can directly effect Task Achievement and Cohesion/Coherence scores that examiners use to assess essays.
In this free lesson, we will give you a strategy to help you come up with interesting essay arguments.
Let's first look at a task 2 example.
Nowadays, more and more people wear fashionable clothing. Is this a positive or a negative development?
This is quite an open task because 'Is this a positive or a negative development?' can be applied to many different situations. However, students will often focus on arguments from just a personal perspective. For example, to answer this task, you may ask yourself "How does fashion affect me?"
If your answer is "Fashionable clothes help me to express myself." your argument will consequently be similar to 'Fashion is good because clothes help people to express themselves'. This is an acceptable argument, but you may find it difficult to write 250 words because there is not much more you can talk about.
So how can we think of more interesting arguments?
The important thing is to think about the argument from many different perspectives, not just the personal - or individual - view. So what other perspectives are there? For an open question like this, the good news is there are many!
We can look at a problem, argument, or idea from many perspectives, such as:
Let's use these perspectives to think about arguments for our Fashion essay task.
Cause 1 and Solution 1 Paragraph
Cause 2 and Solution 2 Paragraph
One of the first problems of the internet is the ease with which children can access potentially dangerous sites. For example, pornography sites are easily accessible to them because they can register with a site and claim to be an adult. There is no doubt that this affects their thoughts and development, which is a negative impact for the children and for society. Another major problem is the growth of online fraud and hacking. These days, there are constant news stories about government and company websites that have been hacked, resulting in sensitive information falling into the hands of criminals.
It is important that action is taken to combat these problems. Governments should ensure that adequate legislation and controls are in place that will prevent young people from accessing dangerous sites, such as requiring more than simply confirming that you are an adult to view a site.
Parents also have a part to play. They need to closely monitor the activities of their children and restrict their access to certain sites, which can now be done through various computer programs. Companies must also improve their onsite IT security systems to make fraud and hacking much more difficult by undertaking thorough reviews of their current systems for weaknesses.
To conclude, the internet is an amazing technological innovation that has transformed people’s lives, but not without negative impacts. However, with the right action by individuals, governments and businesses, it can be made a safe place for everyone.
Answer the questions below, then compare your answers to ours.
- Introduction paragraph
- Problems paragraph (two problems are mentioned)
- Solution 1 paragraph
- Solution 2 paragraph
Another major problem is the growth of online fraud and hacking.
...there are constant news stories about government and company websites that have been hacked...
This is not the only way to divide up these paragraphs. We could also divide them up into a paragraph of dangerous site solutions and a paragraph of security solutions. Its up to you to decide what you like best, but make sure your decision is logical.
To conclude, the internet is an amazing technological innovation that has transformed people’s lives, but not without negative impacts.
The conclusion could be improved by briefly mentioning what the negative impacts are:
...but not without the negative impacts of exposure to dangerous websites and the stealing of sensitive information.
If you try and structure the paragraphs of your essay and the sentences in your paragraphs as we have suggested here, you are really going to improve your Coherence and Cohesion band score.
Just remember that everything you write must be connected to the question. Ultimately good structure is only half of the game – accurate use of a wide range of vocabulary and grammar is also very important so don’t forget to work on those as well.
The next 'Types of Task' post teaches us how to write a 'both sides of an argument' essay. Give it a go!
If you need some help with your writing, join a writing course to get personalised IELTS writing feedback and a band score guideline that will help you to quickly develop into a better writer.
See you next time!
IELTSTutors.org - All these IELTS lessons are completely free, so enjoy studying and let us know if you have any questions or suggestions!
About The IELTS Test
Academic Writing Task 1
Academic Writing Task 2
Cause And Effect
Coherence And Cohesion
Complete The Notes
Complete The Table
Frequently Asked Questions
General Training Reading
General Writing Task 1
General Writing Task 2
Listening Section 1
Listening Section 2
Listening Section 3
Listening Section 4
Speaking Part 1
Speaking Part 2
Speaking Part 3
True / False / Not Given