Today’s lesson is how to write about a process in IELTS Writing Task 1. Diagrams are less common than statistics but we still see them sometimes and so we need to be prepared. A lot of people think it’s easier to write about a process than statistics. What do you think? Please leave your tips or questions in the comments section at the end of the post.
An example process diagram:
|1.||The diagram a product's environmental influence over its . Between being and being or thrown away, there are involved in a process that allows the producer to receive feedback from the consumer to subsequently the product in future cycles.|
- what each stage does
- what it produces
- if any materials are added
- the relationship with the previous or later stages.
- the information in the diagram only, don’t use your imagination to predict or make assumptions.
- if there are any technical terms in the diagram, you may use them in your answer
- if it is a man-made process, we generally use the passive voice
- if it is a natural process, we generally use the active voice
Organizing the steps of the process
- After that
- As a result
Double Check your Writing
- If someone who has never seen the diagram reads your answer, would they understand your description of the process?
- Have you written at least 150 words?
- Are there at least 3 clearly defined paragraphs? Leave a line between each paragraph.
- Did you paraphrase the information in the question? This should start your introduction.
- Did you include a short overview in the introduction?
- Have you only included information that is to be found in the diagram? Don’t write about anything which is not seen in the diagram.
- Do verbs and subjects agree? In the present tense the verb must be modified if the subject is he/she/it. I like but she likes.
- Are the verbs in the correct tense? Usually diagrams should be described in the present tense but it will tell you in the question if the diagram is about a past, present or future process.
- Have you used lots of short simple sentences that you could combine to make more complex sentences? More complex language should get you a higher band score (if it’s correct).
- Have you used vocabulary repetitively? If so, think about synonyms (words with the same meaning) you could use.
Practice Activity 1 - Understanding the Diagram
It's a good idea to use this vocabulary in our response.
- Malted barley
- Spent grain animal feed
Practice Activity 2 - Complete the model answer
|The diagram illustrates the ten steps required to turn malted barley, water, sugar, hops and yeast into beer, can then be sold.|
|, sacks of malted barley are opened and the barely is passed through a milling machine, water is added and it is mashed. The mash is then separated in a lautering container. The spent grain is sold as animal feed the remaining liquid is mixed with hops and sugar. This mixture is boiled and constantly mixed in a whirlpool the heat is turned off and it is passed into a cooling tank.|
|cooling, yeast is added to the mixture and this results in fermentation. More yeast and CO2 are created by this alcohol-producing process. After fermenting, the beer is passed into storage containers it matures. It can now be filtered and is then ready to be packaged and distributed by truck for sale.|
Practice Activity 3 – Writing Practice
We also have a complete guide to writing about processes for you to try.
For more Band 7 Grammar lessons, follow these links:
Complex Noun Phrases
Warm Up Activity - Key Vocabulary
The active voice
The subject ‘workers’ does the action ‘crush’.
Activity 1 - Subject Verb Gapfill
The Passive Voice
Notice the form of the verb be – are.
To form the passive, we use be + past participle (verb 3). You must use the correct form of the verb be for number, person and tense. Usually, when we describe a process we would use the present simple (is/are) unless it is explicitly stated to be a past or projected future process.
If we want to include the agent of the verb we can use ‘by’.
For example: The letters are taken to the sorting station by postmen.
Let's practice this grammar with a few activities.
Activity 2 - Passive or Active?
Activity 3 - Passive Process Gapfill
|Cement (make) from a number of ingredients. The primary ingredient of cement is limestone. Limestone (form) millions of years ago from dead sea creatures. It (extract) from the ground. After extraction it (take) to a factory. After it arrives, it (crush) Then, it (heat) to a high temperature with various other ingredients. Following this, cold air (cool) the limestone mixture down into cement.|
Activity 4 - Process Writing
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About The IELTS Test
Academic Writing Task 1
Academic Writing Task 2
Cause And Effect
Coherence And Cohesion
Complete The Notes
Complete The Table
Frequently Asked Questions
General Training Reading
General Writing Task 1
General Writing Task 2
Listening Section 1
Listening Section 2
Listening Section 3
Listening Section 4
Problem Solution Essay
Speaking Part 1
Speaking Part 2
Speaking Part 3
True / False / Not Given