Today we are learning about clauses of sentences that give results.
Vocabulary similarity warning:
Clause = a part/section of a sentence
Cause = Something that produces a result (Heavy rain was the cause of the flood.)
Read the following example sentence.
Large numbers of people complained about the tax, which lead the government to change the law.
How do we use a which clause of result?
Using this type of structure shows the examiner that you have good control of high level grammar, which will benefit your grammar band score in both speaking and writing.
(Bonus: Can you spot the result clause in the previous sentence?)
Combine the following pairs of sentences with a which clause. You may need to include a verb such as 'means' or 'makes' to complete some of the sentences.
1. I have to check my spelling after I write something. This slows down my writing.
To turn this into one sentence with a which clause we can write:
I have to check my spelling after I write something, which slows down my writing.
Complete the Sentences with 'Which'
|Many species today are becoming extinct or are at risk of becoming so. There are many reasons for this state of affairs and in this essay I will suggest solutions for the problem of destruction due to illegal logging and the of waterways by industrial waste.|
|A leading to the extinction of species in tropical countries is the destruction of due to illegal logging. Many tropical countries set aside large areas of forest as national parks, however, illegal loggers destroy these to obtain rare hardwoods. The orangutan, found in Indonesia and Malaysia, is of an animal being pushed to extinction because of this. They are protected by law in both countries, but the jungle in which they live is cut down by businessmen, often with links to the government and security forces. It is essential that more money is spent on recruiting and training forest rangers whose duty it is to protect natural parks. However, this solution will be useless until the corrupt government officers and security forces who are involved in the trade in rare wood are and handed harsher penalties in order to put off other would be corrupt officials.|
|Industrial pollution in waterways can poison the water and eventually lead to the death of most life in the affected river. Many rivers in Europe were declared dead in the early twentieth century due to the of industrial waste. However, this was by waste management laws being strictly and polluting businesses being , which clearly worked as fish have since returned to the waterways. Monitoring of waste and stricter laws need to be implemented in developing nations which are making the same mistakes that were made in Europe. Again, the key to improving the situation is investment in monitoring and for those found to be breaking the law.|
|Two major threats to wildlife are destruction due to illegal logging, and the pollution of rivers by industry. Both of these problems can be solved if the government is willing to spend the money and hunt down those breaking the law.|
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About The IELTS Test
Academic Writing Task 1
Academic Writing Task 2
Cause And Effect
Coherence And Cohesion
Complete The Notes
Complete The Table
Frequently Asked Questions
General Training Reading
General Writing Task 1
General Writing Task 2
Listening Section 1
Listening Section 2
Listening Section 3
Listening Section 4
Speaking Part 1
Speaking Part 2
Speaking Part 3
True / False / Not Given