In this part of our test we have a multiple choice question type.
If you have not done the previous test questions, follow the links below:
Listening Section 1 Part 1
Listening Section 1 Part 2
Listening Section 2 Part 1
This type of question requires you to complete a sentence by choosing one of a number of options. Use our tips to help you answer the listening test questions below.
Let's use these tips on the next question set. Good luck!
Questions 18 - 20
Choose the correct answer A-C
Unsure about the answers? Read our answer guide below to help.
Understanding of the meaning of phrases is very important is this question type. We can see that from the very first question:
In the audio recording we hear ‘it is necessary to find people with an interest in whatever type of club you want to set up’. Like-minded people matches with the description of people with a similar interest. The words used are different but the meaning is the same!
Answer A is a trick. Friends are mentioned in the recording but the speaker doesn’t say that they WILL support you. You must listen carefully for words that show how certain the speaker is. Words such as will/may/might/won’t are useful for this.
Answer C is incorrect as the speaker mentions that it MAY be hard to find support (not will be hard). Again, words that show how certain the speaker is help us to get the correct answer.
The speaker states ‘It is a good idea to treat the society as a business’. Business and company are synonyms.
We hear ‘Of the many issues and problems such as drumming up funds and dealing with problem members, the most common and arguably most significant for new societies is initially increasing membership’.
The most significant refers to the most difficult thing. Increasing membership and gaining members are synonyms.
We hope today's free lesson was useful. Listen to the recording again and read the tapescript below for further practice. Write down and repeat any interesting vocabulary and sentence forms.
The Complete Tapescript
The vast majority of clubs are for fairly regular areas of interest such as sports, academic subjects and music. However, there are a lot of niche clubs such as the fantasy game society who dress up as characters from their favourite fantasy novels and act out stories or the Jane Austen book club, which through the year, read and discuss the books of the famous English author whilst dressed in period costume.
You may find that you attend the club fair and that you don’t find a club or society which you wish to join. You may feel that you want to set up your own club. This could also happen later in the academic year if you develop a new interest or realize you want to pursue an old interest with new people, so what can you do in this situation?
Well, the most important thing to do is to set up the group as fast as possible, there is some time consuming paperwork to go through at the beginning. It takes around 2 weeks to do the paperwork and get permission for your group. Of course, it is necessary to find people with an interest in whatever type of club you want to set up. Advertise with posters at the student union bar and tell all your friends about the society. Ask them to tell their friends and in no time you’ll find at least a few people who are into whatever your niche is and you’re certain to make a few knew friends along the way. Even if you struggle to find people, keep persevering and people will slowly start joining. Don’t lose heart if it’s difficult to start with!
It is a serious affair running your own club since there is a fair amount of responsibility that you will have, and initially you will have to take care of everything. It is a good idea to treat the society as a business, appoint a treasurer and a manager who can organize the members. Many societies fail as the people running them don’t treat them as important and fail to organize members effectively. Don’t do all the work yourself as it could lead to stress and it’ll take up all your time. Be strict but friendly with members so that people don’t take advantage of you, remember the aim is to pursue an interest of some sort and so meet ups should always be fun and friendly.
There may be problems that you face with the society but if you appoint motivated people to key positions you’re likely to be successful overcoming the issues. The student union offers advice and support to all societies so if you have a serious problem then make an appointment to meet the clubs and societies manager for professional help. Of the many issues and problems such as drumming up funds and dealing with problem members, the most common and arguably most significant for new societies is initially increasing membership but perseverance should overcome this and marketing will attract people.
If you are keen to set up your own society, please check the union website on how to do so.
This post will help guide us through the section 4 of the IELTS listening test. For a guide through sections 1 to 3, click the buttons below.
To start section four, click the play button below.
Listening section 4 is usually a lecture on an academic topic.
In this test, notice that there is no break in the recording between the complete the table and multiple choice question, so we have less time to study the questions.
Complete The Table
The next set of questions 31 to 35 ask us to complete the table with only one word for each answer.
Let’s review what we know about completing tables.
Before we listen we should think about
Let's use these tips on the questions. Think about them yourself first before looking at our notes
IELTSTutors Notes | Complete the Table
How many words can we use?
We should answer with only one word.
What information is needed, and what might the answer be?
The table indicates that time perspectives is all about the way people think about the world. For the past, if the first Outlook entry is ‘positive’, then the second entry could be ‘negative’ (which matches ‘Focuses on disappointments’).
This is likely to be a definition of hedonistic, which means living for pleasure. The answer may be similar to this.
Fatalistic means that we can’t control our lives, so it could be that life is governed by genetics/genes/environment or a similar noun.
This one is difficult to guess, so to prepare we can think of paraphrases of the features and consequences. Something like: ‘These people would choose to work rather than play, and resist distractions.’
This might be the importance of goodness/success/honesty (or a similar noun) in life.
With these last questions 36 – 40, We are expected to complete the sentences by selecting the correct option A, B or C. There are some strategies we can use to help us.
Before we listen we should
Try these tips on each of the questions, then compare your notes with ours.
IELTSTutors Notes | Multiple Choice
The key word is 'present hedonist'. We can guess that a present hedonist is someone that only cares about having a good time in the present, so that’s what will probably be talked about.
The key words are 'drop out' and 'school'. 'Drop out' means 'leave school before graduation' so this stem refers to a part of the recording that will mention how boys fail school more often than girls. We should immediately see that option C is unlikely to be the answer.
Present-orientated children are likely to be those who aren’t really interested in lessons from the past or future consequences.
The key phrase 'extra day' means that this part of the recording might discuss giving people more free time and how they might use it.
‘Thinking about time’ is a paraphrase of the talk title ‘time perspectives’. This stem is all about how time perspectives can be used to help people.
Now we have thought about the stems, if you still have time you can think of synonyms for the possible answers. We are going to move on and listen to the recording.
For complete the table questions 31 – 35
As we listen
For multiple choice questions 36 - 40
As we listen we should
At the end if you are not sure about any answers, just cross out options that can’t be true, and choose from the rest.
Listen and write down your answers, then compare them with ours.
Complete the Table
‘People living in the past negative time zone are also absorbed by earlier times, but they focus on all the bad things’. Here 'bad things' is a synonym for 'disappointments'.
‘Present hedonists are driven by pleasure and immediate sensation’ as we guessed.
‘Whether it’s poverty, religion or society itself, something stops these people from believing they can play a role in changing their outcomes in life’. Notice the use of ‘religion’ rather than 'religious beliefs' and 'social conditions' rather than 'society itself'.
‘...people classified as future active are the planners and go-getters. They work rather than play and resist temptation’. If you thought the answer was ‘planners’ you would not get a mark, since ‘future active’ is the classification.
‘...they will be assessed on how virtuously they have lived and what success they have had in their lives’. 'Success' is the noun that fits the answer here.
‘Everyone is brought into this world as a present hedonist.’ ‘Brought into this world’ is what happens at birth, so the answer is B.
‘...boys require a situation where they have the ability to manage their own learning environment.’ Manage is a synonym of control. A false answer would be B (video games). The recording mentions video games, but this isn’t the reason why boys drop out of school. C is also a false answer, because although the writer says ‘boys aren’t as bright as girls’, he goes on to say that ‘the evidence doesn’t support this’.
‘Although they understand the potentially negative consequences of their actions, they persist with the behaviour because they’re not living for the future; they’re in the moment right now.’ ‘understand’ matches ‘know what could happen', while ‘Something bad’ is a paraphrase of ‘negative consequences’.
‘They would spend that time laboring away to achieve more. They’re constantly trying to get ahead, to get toward a future point of happiness.’ ‘Labouring away to achieve more’ is a paraphrase of ‘working harder’. Relationships and meals are mentioned, but these are false answers because that is not what they would spend improving given extra time.
‘Seeing these conflicts as differences in time perspective, rather than distinctions of character, can facilitate more effective cooperation between people and get the most out of each person’s individual strengths.’ ‘facilitate more effective cooperation’ is a complex paraphrase of ‘work together better’.
In the real test, you are given 10 minutes at the end to transfer your answers to the answer sheet. As you do this, you should check all your answers for spelling mistakes.
Also check for other mistakes, such as the logic of you answers. For example, is there an ‘s’ on the end of a noun that should be singular? Finally, don’t leave any blank answers. If you are not sure, just guess.
So that’s the complete test. We hope it has been useful for you. It highlights how useful it is to think about synonyms and paraphrases for the key words in the questions.
If you feel that you run out of time before you can do this, practicing will speed up your skills. Try lots of listening practice tests so you are fully prepared. Start with the one we have below:
If you found this useful or have some suggestions we would like to hear from you, so leave your comments below.
This is the first section of the IELTS reading test (taken from takeielts.britishcouncil.org). It includes the question types:
First you will see tips and then the questions themselves. Follow the tips and see if you can answer the questions for yourself. Then compare you answers with ours.
Making Time for Science
Chronobiology might sound a little futuristic – like something from a science fiction novel, perhaps – but it’s actually a field of study that concerns one of the oldest processes life on this planet has ever known: short-term rhythms of time and their effect on flora and fauna.
This can take many forms. Marine life, for example, is influenced by tidal patterns. Animals tend to be active or inactive depending on the position of the sun or moon. Numerous creatures, humans included, are largely diurnal – that is, they like to come out during the hours of sunlight. Nocturnal animals, such as bats and possums, prefer to forage by night. A third group are known as crepuscular: they thrive in the low-light of dawn and dusk and remain inactive at other hours.
When it comes to humans, chronobiologists are interested in what is known as the circadian rhythm. This is the complete cycle our bodies are naturally geared to undergo within the passage of a twenty-four hour day. Aside from sleeping at night and waking during the day, each cycle involves many other factors such as changes in blood pressure and body temperature. Not everyone has an identical circadian rhythm. ‘Night people’, for example, often describe how they find it very hard to operate during the morning, but become alert and focused by evening. This is a benign variation within circadian rhythms known as a chronotype.
Scientists have limited abilities to create durable modifications of chronobiological demands. Recent therapeutic developments for humans such as artificial light machines and melatonin administration can reset our circadian rhythms, for example, but our bodies can tell the difference and health suffers when we breach these natural rhythms for extended periods of time. Plants appear no more malleable in this respect; studies demonstrate that vegetables grown in season and ripened on the tree are far higher in essential nutrients than those grown in greenhouses and ripened by laser.
Knowledge of chronobiological patterns can have many pragmatic implications for our day-to-day lives. While contemporary living can sometimes appear to subjugate biology – after all, who needs circadian rhythms when we have caffeine pills, energy drinks, shift work and cities that never sleep? – keeping in synch with our body clock is important.
The average urban resident, for example, rouses at the eye-blearing time of 6.04 a.m., which researchers believe to be far too early. One study found that even rising at 7.00 a.m. has deleterious effects on health unless exercise is performed for 30 minutes afterward. The optimum moment has been whittled down to 7.22 a.m.; muscle aches, headaches and moodiness were reported to be lowest by participants in the study who awoke then.
Once you’re up and ready to go, what then? If you’re trying to shed some extra pounds, dieticians are adamant: never skip breakfast. This disorients your circadian rhythm and puts your body in starvation mode. The recommended course of action is to follow an intense workout with a carbohydrate-rich breakfast; the other way round and weight loss results are not as pronounced.
Morning is also great for breaking out the vitamins. Supplement absorption by the body is not temporal-dependent, but naturopath Pam Stone notes that the extra boost at breakfast helps us get energised for the day ahead. For improved absorption, Stone suggests pairing supplements with a food in which they are soluble and steering clear of caffeinated beverages. Finally, Stone warns to take care with storage; high potency is best for absorption, and warmth and humidity are known to deplete the potency of a supplement.
After-dinner espressos are becoming more of a tradition – we have the Italians to thank for that – but to prepare for a good night’s sleep we are better off putting the brakes on caffeine consumption as early as 3 p.m. With a seven hour half-life, a cup of coffee containing 90 mg of caffeine taken at this hour could still leave 45 mg of caffeine in your nervous system at ten o’clock that evening. It is essential that, by the time you are ready to sleep, your body is rid of all traces.
Evenings are important for winding down before sleep; however, dietician Geraldine Georgeou warns that an after-five carbohydrate-fast is more cultural myth than chronobiological demand. This will deprive your body of vital energy needs. Overloading your gut could lead to indigestion, though. Our digestive tracts do not shut down for the night entirely, but their work slows to a crawl as our bodies prepare for sleep. Consuming a modest snack should be entirely sufficient.
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