This is the last part of our Interactive Listening Test. If you haven't completed the other sections, make sure you do so first:
Listening Test Section 1
Listening Test Section 2
Listening Test Section 3
Listening Test Section 4 Part 1
This part is a continuation of the monologue we heard in the first part of section 4. This test question will be a Matching Lists type.
Practice Task 1 | Identify the Keywords
What other words or phrases can be used to express the meaning of in the center, close and far? When you listen to the audio, listen carefully for synonyms (words with the same meaning) and be careful of tricks.
Questions 37 - 40
Where are the following places located?
Stratford-upon-Avon welcomes in visitors from all over the world. The town is a particularly popular destination for tourists from the USA as well as for tourists from all around Europe. The town’s William Shakespeare heritage is what most people come for as many buildings that would have been familiar to the poet and playwright have been perfectly preserved from the sixteenth century to the present.
Many visitors like to take in a performance of a Shakespeare play while they are in Stratford and luckily for them, the town is home to the Royal Shakespeare Company. The company has three venues in Stratford: The Royal Shakespeare Theatre and the Swan Theatre, both of which share a building on Waterside; and The Other Place which is a short walk away on Southern Lane. In Shakespeare’s day, the public would have been able to see his plays at The Globe which was found a considerable distance away on the banks of the River Thames in London. In Shakespeare’s time Stratford would have been lacking in theaters or other places for entertainment as it was only a small market town.
The most popular place for tourists in Stratford is Henley Street located in the heart of the old town and home to the house Shakespeare was born in. The house remains little changed from Shakespeare’s time and is a fascinating glimpse into England’s past and the early life of the country’s most famous playwright. Visiting this house will see you following in the footsteps of not only Shakespeare, but other well-known writers such as Charles Dickens, John Keats, and Thomas Hardy.
Another extremely popular tourist destination is the house which belonged to the family of Anne Hathaway. A short way from the town, this is the cottage in which Shakespeare’s wife grew up and where he almost certainly spent time courting Hathaway before they were married when Shakespeare was only eighteen years old. Many say it is the most romantic cottage in England. The house remained in the possession of relatives of Hathaway until the late nineteenth century when it became a museum.
Just a short walk from where he was born is the final resting place of William Shakespeare. When he died he in 1616 he was buried in the Holy Trinity Church. It is a place of pilgrimage for most fans of Shakespeare, but if visiting it must be remembered that it still functions as a place of worship and so visitors must be respectful. The grave of William Shakespeare is in the church although some people have suggested that it should be moved far away to Westminster Abbey, where many of England’s most notable people are buried.
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For section one of the listening test, click the button below.
First we need to look closely at the task.
Before we listen we should think about
- key words - What are the key words in the list and in the questions?
- any synonyms / paraphrasing (different words with the same meaning) that the recording might use to express the same meaning?
As we listen
- We should listen out for synonyms that match the key words we identified before.
- For each answer just write the letter.
- If it’s difficult to identify the answer, we should just make a guess. It’s always a good idea to answer every question.
Complete the Table
Before we listen we should think about
- the instructions – How many words can we use?
- the headings and the examples – What kind of information is needed? Are they nouns/verbs etc?
- the answers – we should try to guess what the answers might be.
As we listen
- Use the information that is already in the table to follow the recording so you are prepared for the gaps.
- Write your answers in the gaps using words from the recording. Are they similar to your guesses?
first (1st) year
This reading passage includes the question types:
If you would like to practice True/False/Not Given and Multiple choice questions, go to reading passage 1.
This is the second section of your IELTS Academic Reading test. You should spend about twenty minutes on it. Read the passage and answer questions 14-26.
The Triune Brain
Although the lizard may stake a claim to its habitat, it exerts total indifference toward the well-being of its young. Listen to the anguished squeal of a dolphin separated from its pod or witness the sight of elephants mourning their dead, however, and it is clear that a new development is at play. Scientists have identified this as the limbic cortex. Unique to mammals, the limbic cortex impels creatures to nurture their offspring by delivering feelings of tenderness and warmth to the parent when children are nearby. These same sensations also cause mammals to develop various types of social relations and kinship networks. When we are with others of “our kind” – be it at soccer practice, church, school or a nightclub – we experience positive sensations of togetherness, solidarity and comfort. If we spend too long away from these networks, then loneliness sets in and encourages us to seek companionship.
Only human capabilities extend far beyond the scope of these two cortexes. Humans eat, sleep and play, but we also speak, plot, rationalise and debate finer points of morality. Our unique abilities are the result of an expansive third brain – the neocortex – which engages with logic, reason and ideas. The power of the neocortex comes from its ability to think beyond the present, concrete moment. While other mammals are mainly restricted to impulsive actions (although some, such as apes, can learn and remember simple lessons), humans can think about the “big picture”. We can string together simple lessons (for example, an apple drops downwards from a tree; hurting others causes unhappiness) to develop complex theories of physical or social phenomena (such as the laws of gravity and a concern for human rights).
The neocortex is also responsible for the process by which we decide on and commit to particular courses of action. Strung together over time, these choices can accumulate into feats of progress unknown to other animals. Anticipating a better grade on the following morning’s exam, a student can ignore the limbic urge to socialise and go to sleep early instead. Over three years, this ongoing sacrifice translates into a first class degree and a scholarship to graduate school; over a lifetime, it can mean ground-breaking contributions to human knowledge and development. The ability to sacrifice our drive for immediate satisfaction in order to benefit later is a product of the neocortex.
Understanding the triune brain can help us appreciate the different natures of brain damage and psychological disorders. The most devastating form of brain damage, for example, is a condition in which someone is understood to be brain dead. In this state a person appears merely unconscious – sleeping, perhaps – but this is illusory. Here, the reptilian brain is functioning on autopilot despite the permanent loss of other cortexes.
Disturbances to the limbic cortex are registered in a different manner. Pups with limbic damage can move around and feed themselves well enough but do not register the presence of their littermates. Scientists have observed how, after a limbic lobotomy2, “one impaired monkey stepped on his outraged peers as if treading on a log or a rock”. In our own species, limbic damage is closely related to sociopathic behaviour. Sociopaths in possession of fully-functioning neocortexes are often shrewd and emotionally intelligent people but lack any ability to relate to, empathise with or express concern for others.
One of the neurological wonders of history occurred when a railway worker named Phineas Gage survived an incident during which a metal rod skewered his skull, taking a considerable amount of his neocortex with it. Though Gage continued to live and work as before, his fellow employees observed a shift in the equilibrium of his personality. Gage’s animal propensities were now sharply pronounced while his intellectual abilities suffered; garrulous or obscene jokes replaced his once quick wit. New findings suggest, however, that Gage managed to soften these abrupt changes over time and rediscover an appropriate social manner. This would indicate that reparative therapy has the potential to help patients with advanced brain trauma to gain an improved quality of life.
1 Triune = three-in-one
2 Lobotomy = surgical cutting of brain nerves
Matching Information from Two Lists
- Step 1: Read the instructions carefully. Can you use an option more than once?
- Step 2: Read the first numbered item.
- Step 3: Briefly familiarise yourself with the ABCD items. Which ones seem correct straight away?
- Step 5: Skim the reading passage to find the section which discusses the numbered item.
- Step 6: Read that section of the reading passage carefully to find the answer.
- Step 7: Finally check the ABCD list and select the item which best matches the information in the reading passage. If none of them seem to match, you probably need to read more of the passage.
Questions 14 - 22
A | The reptilian cortex
B | The limbic cortex
C | The neo cortex
Answer A, B or C, to questions 14–22.
The text later tells directly ‘The ability to sacrifice our drive for immediate satisfaction in order to benefit later is a product of the neocortex’.
- Step 1: Read the instructions carefully. Can you use your own words or must you use words from the reading passage? How many words are you allowed to use?
- Step 2: Quickly read through all the incomplete sentences to get an idea of what information you will have to find in the passage.
- Step 3: Read the first sentence more carefully. Decide what information you will need, for example, a name or place.
- Step 4: Skim the passage to find the relevant section. Then look back at the incomplete sentence and decide what specific information you need to complete it.
- Step 5: Read that part of the passage more carefully to find the answer. Remember that the correct answer must fit the incomplete sentence grammatically.
- Step 6: Check your spelling is accurate. If your spelling is incorrect you will lose the point. You can use British or American spelling.
Questions 23 - 26
Use no more than two words from the passage for each answer.
|1.||A person with only a functioning reptilian cortex is known as .|
|2.||in humans is associated with limbic disruption.|
|3.||An industrial accident caused Phineas Gage to lose part of his .|
|4.||After his accident, co-workers noticed an imbalance between Gage’s and higher-order thinking.|
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About The IELTS Test
Academic Writing Task 1
Academic Writing Task 2
Cause And Effect
Coherence And Cohesion
Complete The Notes
Complete The Table
Frequently Asked Questions
General Training Reading
General Writing Task 1
General Writing Task 2
Listening Section 1
Listening Section 2
Listening Section 3
Listening Section 4
Speaking Part 1
Speaking Part 2
Speaking Part 3
True / False / Not Given