In our previous class we looked at general tips to help you write IELTS essays. In this class you will learn to write an effective introduction paragraph for IELTS writing task 2. Follow the steps and suggestions in order to improve your task achievement band score.
You cannot write an effective introduction unless you understand what is expected from an introduction.
Below are two paragraphs describing the purpose of an IELTS writing task 2 introduction. Select the paragraph which you feel best describes an introduction for an IELTS writing task 2.
A The purpose of an IELTS writing task 2 introduction is to; first, specify the topic of the essay; second, to give some background information about the topic; third, provide a rationale for why the topic is important; and finally, to provide a thesis statement. This is a statement which occurs at the end of the introduction and contains the writer’s opinion about the topic of the essay. The thesis statement should be fairly specific and suggest the structure of the essay. The writing style should be semi-formal or formal. Ideally, the introduction should be between 4 and 6 sentences long. After reading the introduction the reader should have a clear idea of the topic and opinion of the writer.
B The purpose of an IELTS writing task 2 introduction is to first specify the topic of the essay for the reader and then to provide a thesis statement. This is a statement which occurs at the end of the introduction and contains the writer’s opinion about the topic of the essay. The thesis statement can be fairly general and need not contain any detail. The writing style of the introduction should be semi-formal or formal. Ideally, the introduction should be two or three sentences long. After reading the introduction the reader should have a clear idea of the topic and opinion of the writer.
Which paragraph is correct? Find out here
Option A describes an introduction that would be more appropriate for an undergraduate essay at university. This type of introduction typically contains much more information than is necessary in a short IELTS task 2 essay.
Option B describes the ideal IELTS writing task 2 introduction.
|1.||A area is defined as an area of countryside consisting of villages and farms.|
|2.||An district is a district which consists of factories and warehouses.|
|3.||An area is an area which contains bars, restaurants, cinemas and live music venues.|
|4.||A area is an area in which people live.|
|5.||An district is one which is full of buildings, for example, a town or city.|
|6.||A area is an area which contains facilities for visitors.|
|7.||A district is a district in which can be found shops and malls.|
|8.||A area is an area of the city where banks and services and businesses connected to money can be found.|
|9.||A area is an area which is unaffected by people.|
|10.||A district is a district which consists of tall buildings.|
Exercise 2 | Overview Sentences
The maps present a transformation from a mainly industrial area to a largely commercial area.
We can shorten this to
The maps present a transformation from a mainly industrial to a largely commercial area.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant
Sentence 2: They / illustrate / transformation / rural / industrial / high-rise / town
- have a 2-3 sentence introduction and two longer body paragraphs.
- cover the main changes shown by the maps.
- accurately use verb tense. Are the maps showing changes that occurred in the past or changes that are predicted to occur in the future?
- use accurate vocabulary for describing locations and land use.
- use the passive voice to describe man made changes.
The focus of today's lesson is the first sentence of the 2-3 sentence introduction. A good introduction requires you to give the topic of the task (in this case, the topic of the map). To do this effectively, you need to paraphrase (reword) the information in the question. Do not copy the information in the question exactly as copied information will be deleted by the examiner.
Answer Guide - Select to View
C is wrong because the word ‘below’ is used. Below is used in the question but it is illogical to include it in your paraphrase.
C is wrong because the word ‘pictures’ is used. This is incorrect as they are specifically maps, not pictures. Key words such as ‘maps’ or place names cannot be paraphrased, so feel free to use them in your introduction.
B is wrong because ’50 year period’ is incorrect. Numbers and years in compound nouns like this should be connected by a hyphen (-). The correct phrase is ‘50-year period’.
These words will help you to paraphrase the task.
The maps show the changes that happened...
The maps reveal the alterations that occured...
|1.||The maps present the changes which in Oxford over a period of several centuries.|
|2.||The maps the changes which took place in Oxford over a period of several centuries.|
|3.||The maps present the which occurred in Oxford over a period of several centuries.|
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About The IELTS Test
Academic Writing Task 1
Academic Writing Task 2
Cause And Effect
Coherence And Cohesion
Complete The Notes
Complete The Table
Frequently Asked Questions
General Training Reading
General Writing Task 1
General Writing Task 2
Listening Section 1
Listening Section 2
Listening Section 3
Listening Section 4
Problem Solution Essay
Speaking Part 1
Speaking Part 2
Speaking Part 3
True / False / Not Given