Now we begin section 3 of the listening test. The next question type is a flowchart. Let's first look at our tips for answering these types of questions.
For previous sections of the test, follow the links below:
Listening Section 1 Part 1
Listening Section 1 Part 2
Listening Section 2 Part 1
Listening Section 2 Part 2
IELTSTutors Tips | Flowchart
|Find out 21. of the test.|
|Study the different types of test questions often found on the test.|
|Try a 22. in order to locate your strengths and weaknesses.|
|Join a 23. if you struggle with the practice test.|
|Do previous tests as frequently as you can in order to build your both your language skills and test skills.|
|Learn new words which you encounter in the reading test in order to 24. .|
|Make sure you 25. for the test a long time in advance|
Notice the paraphrase of 'find out' is 'focus on understanding'.
We can use the words 'try' and 'strengths and weaknesses' to help us identify the answer.
Here the paraphrase of the key word 'struggle' is 'do poorly'.
This question is a little easier as the phrase 'which you encounter in the reading test' is repeated in the audio.
We can see paraphrases of 'Make sure' ('It is important') and 'a long time in advance' ('as early as possible') to help us answer this one.
The full script can be seen below. Read it while listening again, writing down new words and phrases to help you expand your vocabulary.
Well, there are only a few months before the end of the term and that means you have to apply for university soon. I know both of you want to study in English speaking countries, how are your preparations and research about that going?
Yes, good thanks – I’ve narrowed it down to a shortlist of 3 universities in England.
And I’ve found courses in Edinburgh and Warwick that I’m interested in.
Great, as I’m your personal academic advisor, I thought today, as we have some time, we could talk about how to prepare for the IELTS test which you will have to take in order to study in the UK. It is important to do as well as you can on the test to ensure you get accepted on to the courses you want. What do you know about the test?
It’s a famous test, that’s all I know. I’ve definitely heard about it before.
I know it has a listening, reading, writing and speaking section.
Great. You know some of the basics. How do you think you can best prepare for the test?
I would say that it’s important to know the format of the test. What the sections are, how long you have to complete each section, that kind of thing.
Yes, and I guess it would be important to know about the types of questions that they commonly ask on the test.
Ok, good. Well I’d agree that the first and most important thing to do is to focus on understanding the test format. If you know how the test will be carried out and what each section is like, then you will not be surprised by anything on the test day. Imagine if you didn’t have any idea about the format. The whole thing would be really confusing. And I think your point Maggie about knowing the different question types that can crop up really comes under this heading. The best place to find out about the test format is on the IELTS website.
After that it’s really a good idea to try a past exam paper. Try the past exams found in the Cambridge IELTS series or online on websites such as ieltstutors.org. Trying a practice test such as this will help you to see what your strengths and weaknesses really are. This’ll help you to diagnose problem areas that you need to work on.
But what if we do badly on the practice test?
Well your English should be good as you have studied in an international school but If you do poorly on the practice test, then you need to really think about taking a test preparation course. This will help you prepare for the different question types. Now, we don’t run test preparation courses here at the school but there are plenty of language schools in the center of town which run these types of courses.
I think it’ll be hard to fit that into my schedule as I have to prepare for my exams. But, I’ve heard of online preparation courses which let students work in their own time without the pressure and deadlines of a normal school.
That sounds like a great alternative. Particularly for the writing and speaking modules which are very difficult to improve on if you don’t receive good feedback from an expert.
To improve your listening and reading I would suggest doing as many past exam papers as possible and learning from your mistakes. This is a great free way to improve your abilities before the test. You should always time yourself so you get used to the conditions in the exam.
Make sure you learn new words which you encounter in the reading test as this will boost your vocabulary and end up helping you improve your other skills as well. The best way to do this is that after you finish the test, you go back over the text looking for new words. Consult a dictionary to help you with the meaning. Write new words in a vocabulary book and practice them frequently. Try and use new word in speaking and writing as this will help to lock them into your memory.
How about when we get closer to the time when we need to take the test? Is there anything important we need to do then?
Well, that’s a good question. It’s important to register for your test as early as possible to make sure that you get a place on the test on the day that you want. Some tests get fully booked a long time in advance, particularly in the period when people are applying to university or trying to get on to scholarship programs.
For previous Reading Practice lessons, follow the links below:
Reading Practice 1 | Short answer questions and headings
Reading Practice 2 | Matching sentence endings
Reading Practice 3 | Matching headings and sentence completion
Reading Practice 4 |True/False/Not given questions
Reading Practice 5 | Summary and sentence completion + T/F/NG questions
Reading Practice 6 | Matching headings and vocabulary practice
First, read the article.
The Life Cycle of Salmon
Salmon eggs are laid in freshwater streams typically at high latitudes. To lay her roe (eggs), the female salmon uses her tail to create a nest called a redd in the gravel of the river bed. The redd may sometimes contain up to 5,000 eggs of an orange or red colour. Constantly flowing cool water is needed to provide a consistent supply of oxygen to the developing embryos. When developed, the eggs hatch and sac fry, which are small fish with a stripe along each side, emerge and hide amongst the reeds. The juvenile salmon stay for six months to three years in their natal stream before becoming smolts which are distinguished by their bright, silvery colour. Only 10% of all salmon eggs are estimated to survive to this stage.
The salmon spend about one to five years (depending on the species) in the open ocean, where they gradually become mature. The adult salmon then return to the streams where they were born in order to breed. Atlantic salmon spend between one and four years at sea. Some species of salmon grow a hump on their back or bigger teeth before they start breeding. All change from the silvery blue of an ocean salmon to a darker colour. Salmon make amazing journeys. They migrate huge distances up rivers in their hundreds and thousands in order to breed. Swimming upstream to get to their birthplace where they can reproduce takes a huge amount of effort as the fish must swim against strong currents and rapids. Chinook and sockeye salmon from central Idaho, for example, travel over 1,400 km and climb nearly 2,100 m from the Pacific Ocean as they return to spawn. The condition of the fish tends to deteriorate the longer they remain in fresh water, and they then deteriorate further after they breed, when they are known as kelts. Mature Salmon typically die within a few days or weeks of breeding.
Freshwater streams and estuaries on the coast provide an important habitat for many salmon species. They feed on insects, and crustaceans while young, and primarily on other fish when older. Estuaries and their associated wetlands provide vital nursery areas for the salmon before their departure to the open ocean. Wetlands not only keep the estuary clean from pollutants, but also provide important feeding and hiding areas. As wetlands habitats are damaged or converted for human use, there has been a sharp decline in the number of salmon. This has led to some species of salmon becoming endangered and being protected by law in certain countries.
Exercise 1 | Vocabulary Matching
Exercise 2 | Vocabulary in Use
|1.||When the are born they are fully independent and don’t need the parent’s protection|
|2.||destruction is causing many animals to become extinct.|
|3.||The new factory opened and the quality of the air in the town .|
|4.||Many birds thousands of kilometers every year.|
|5.||Despite being quite small, a king cobra still has enough venom to kill several adult humans.|
|6.||You can find lots of frogs and toads in the and lakes close to my house.|
|7.||Before we went camping in Canada we had to learn how to if a bear attacked us.|
|8.||Don’t swim in an in a tropical country because it may contain crocodiles or bull sharks that come to feed on the fish and mammals which live there.|
Exercise 3 | Flow Chart Questions
Step 1 – Decide what the purpose of the flow chart is. For example, does it ask questions or show the stages in a process?
Step 2 - Check the instructions carefully. Should you use words, letters or numbers? If with words, what are the maximum number of words you can use? Are they words that you must choose from the text?
Step 3 – Study the words that are given. These words provide clues as to what the missing word/words could be. Think about if you need to write nouns, verbs or adjectives. Match keywords in the flow chart with synonyms (words with similar meaning) in the text and scan carefully for the answer.
Step 4 – Make sure that the sentences in the flow chart are grammatically accurate after you have written your answer.
|A||The female creates a 1. in the gravel of a stream bed.|
|B||Constantly flowing water keeps the eggs oxygenated and at the correct temperature.|
|C||Newly hatched juveiles escape predators by hiding amongst 2. .|
|D||After becoming smolt, they move downstream to the ocean or sea.|
|E||It takes up to 5 years for salmon to become 3. in the ocean or sea.|
|F||Adults return to their natal streams to 4. .|
|G||After reproducing, salmon generally 5. quickly and then die.|
- We see the words ‘female’ and ‘create’ in both the text and question, which guides us to the answer nest or redd.
- The key word in this question is ‘juveniles’. We find the synonym in the text ‘fry’ or ‘small fish’. The text later goes on to say that they ‘emerge and hide amongst the reeds.
- We can match the key word ‘ocean’ in the question with the text, where it states that ‘The salmon spend about one to five years (depending on the species) in the open ocean, where they gradually become mature.’
- In the centre of paragraph 2 we read that salmon swim ‘upstream to get to their birthplace where they can reproduce…’ Birthplace is a synonym to ‘natal stream’ in the question, and the text mentions that here the salmon reproduce (breed and spawn are also accepted answers).
- We can match the keyword ‘die’ in both text and question. Before we see this word in the text, we read that ‘they deteriorate further after they breed.’ Notice that ‘reproduce’ in the question is a synonym of ‘breed’ in the text.
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About The IELTS Test
Academic Writing Task 1
Academic Writing Task 2
Cause And Effect
Coherence And Cohesion
Complete The Notes
Complete The Table
Frequently Asked Questions
General Training Reading
General Writing Task 1
General Writing Task 2
Listening Section 1
Listening Section 2
Listening Section 3
Listening Section 4
Problem Solution Essay
Speaking Part 1
Speaking Part 2
Speaking Part 3
True / False / Not Given