In order to receive a higher band in speaking or writing, you must accurately use academic vocabulary. Learning academic vocabulary will also help you to understand academic texts in the reading test and part 4 of the listening test. This class will help you to notice and use six academic verb and preposition collocations. It will also give you valuable reading practice.
Remember a collocation is a pair or set of words that are usually found together (eg 'wake up', 'interested in, 'good at')
Read the following passage about the history of computing. Decide if the following statements are true, false or not given.
Charles Babbage and his Analytical Machine, Science Museum de Londres (May 2009)
Computers are generally associated with the latter half of the 20th century but the story of computing devices goes much farther back. In the 1830s Charles Babbage was a man who specialised in mechanical engineering and he has been credited with the invention of the first computing device, the Analytical Engine. This was a machine that acted like a giant mechanical calculator. The huge device consisted of thousands of individual hand-made parts which made it very hard to build and this is one of the reasons why it was never finished. Another reason was that Babbage depended on the government to invest in the project but political issues forced the government to stop funding. Babbage's failure to complete the analytical engine can be attributed to difficulties not only of politics and financing, but also to his desire to develop a more sophisticated machine than anyone else in the world was able to do.
Notice that the true, false, not given questions contain synonyms (words with the same or similar meaning) of the words used in the passage. This is a common but important trick in the IELTS test. Identifying synonyms will help you to answer reading questions accurately.
Select a word/phrase in the box and then the gap next to its synonym. All of these words can be found in the true, false, not given questions or in the text.
Charles Babbage's 1840 Analytical Engine Design. (Computer History Museum)
What do these words mean?
associated - connected with something or someone.
specialised - used or prepared for a special function.
consist - to be made/built/composed of.
depend - to need/rely on.
invest - to give money to a project or business.
attribute - to give a reason for something/be caused by
|1.||I will animal psychology when I start my postgraduate studies next year.|
|2.||The Mona Lisa, a famous painting of a sitting girl, is Leonardo Da Vinci.|
|3.||Some people are very intelligent and achieve great academic results with a minimum of effort but the rest of us hard work and luck.|
|4.||If you ethical businesses, you can improve your finances and make the world a better place.|
|5.||Coal carbon and other elements that formed when plants died and were subjected to heat and pressure over millions of years.|
|6.||Obesity is a lack of exercise and high intake of calories.|
For more, see our Collocations Quizzes.
Quiz | Cause and Effect Prepositions
Choose the correct preposition
If you want more practice, see our full Cause and Effect Grammar lesson.
We also have a lesson to help you identify cause and effect language in academic reading texts.
Complete the Collocations
Practice Task | Speaking
You should also use this new vocabulary often to insure you don't forget it. Record yourself answering the questions below as this will help you to prepare for possible questions in the IELTS speaking test. Listen back to the recording and check for errors and breaks in your fluency.
- Should the government put more pressure on people to live a healthy lifestyle?
- What impact does industry have on the environment in your country?
- What is your main purpose for doing the IELTS test?
- Have you ever failed to take advantage of an opportunity to do something or go somewhere?
- Is the gap between the rich and poor becoming wider in your country? Why/not?
IELTSTutors.org - All these IELTS lessons are completely free, so enjoy studying and let us know if you have any questions or suggestions!
About The IELTS Test
Academic Writing Task 1
Academic Writing Task 2
Cause And Effect
Coherence And Cohesion
Complete The Notes
Complete The Table
Frequently Asked Questions
General Training Reading
General Writing Task 1
General Writing Task 2
Listening Section 1
Listening Section 2
Listening Section 3
Listening Section 4
Speaking Part 1
Speaking Part 2
Speaking Part 3
True / False / Not Given