Are you new to IELTS or have you been training for IELTS for a while but you still struggle with cohesion in your writing? If so, this class is for you.
Many students find it difficult to use the correct linking words when they start to study academic English rather than general English. This is the first of our classes that will teach you a wide range of linking words and guide you to use them accurately in your writing. Accurate use of linking words and phrases will improve your score for coherence and cohesion and also your score for lexical range and accuracy (vocabulary).
This word is used to give an idea that supports or adds information to your main idea. It is used before the main verb.
For example, Car sales also increased in Germany.
It is used between the auxiliary verb and the main verb.
For example, Car sales have also increased in Argentina.
This adverb is used at the start of a sentence that is adding similar facts or ideas.
For example, More time needs to be spent educating people about the drawbacks of social media. Similarly, we should teach children about how to correctly make use of the internet.
This word is usually used at the start of a sentence which adds contrasting or surprising information. This word is an academic synonym for but.
For example, The sale of cars fell in the UK. However, overall worldwide sales showed an increase.
This word can be used mid-sentence to link two contrasting clauses but a comma must be used both before and after it.
For example, The sale of cars fell in the UK, however, overall worldwide sales showed an increase.
This adverb can be used at the beginning of a sentence which give the result of something described in the previous sentence.
For example, Sales fell dramatically in the UK. Consequently, the company went bankrupt and closed down.
Exercise 1 | Know the relationship of ideas
There are 8 incomplete sentences. One word has been deleted from each sentence. It is important to understand the function of words (why they are used). The missing word may be used for one of the following functions.
- To add supporting information
- To show contrast
- To show a result
|It is clear that the use of traditional fossil fuels to power vehicles and create the electricity is not sustainable. In certain countries plans have been made to remove petrol and diesel powered cars over the next 15 to 20 years. Both universities and companies are researching appropriate replacement technology and advances in this technology are occurring all the time. 1. , companies and governments are spending more and more on research into renewable energy such as solar power, which can provide cheap energy in the sunny areas of the planet. Wind farms 2. provide a good source of alternative energy, this time for colder, cloudier northern countries such as the UK. 3. , we are seeing big changes in the way that energy is produced in many parts of the world.|
|This technology is reducing the pollution created by electricity production and is 4. becoming more affordable. 5. , there is much work still to be done if we are to save the planet from the dreadful effects of global warming that scientists predict will occur. More must be done to reduce toxic gas emissions from electricity production. 6. , we must drastically reduce the number of fossil fuel powered vehicles on the road. Some polluting energy companies are unwilling to change their businesses, 7. , some are spending more money on renewable energy research. 8. , there is much to feel positive about in terms of the fight against polluting technology but society must keep working together towards the goal of a cleaner healthier world.|
Exercise 2 | Apply Linking words
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this?
You should write 250 words.
Studying in a foreign country has a number of benefits. For example, it could give students access to knowledge and facilities such as libraries and science labs which are not found in the student’s country of origin. Furthermore, students may have access to a wider range of courses in foreign countries than they do at home which could help them to find one that fits more closely with their individual interests and requirements. On the other hand, studying abroad can have some drawbacks. These can be categorized into personal and professional.
Firstly, studying abroad obviously requires the student to leave his family and friends for a long period, which may make the student lonely if he is unused to spending time away from his support network. Secondly, studying in a foreign country is almost always more expensive than studying in the student’s home country. Moreover, studying in a foreign country means the student will probably be studying in a foreign language, which may limit his performance and make studying and exams more stressful.
In my opinion, however, the drawbacks of studying abroad are usually only temporary since the student will return home after a year or two of foreign study. Students who study abroad usually become proficient in the language quickly and they have lots of experiences and meet lots of people that they would not encounter at home. What is more, the benefits of the international network of friends and increased knowledge will last the student all his life and is likely to make him more successful in finding a job.
Activity 5 - Focus on Vocabulary
|1.||is a group of people who help and look after you.|
|2.||is a negative result of something.|
|3.||is a transitive verb meaning to give something a category or class.|
|4.||means a wide variety.|
We hope you have found this lesson useful. For more writing task 2 tips, visit our writing task 2 page.
We'd love to hear from you so leave a comment below.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this?
You should write 250 words.
Are the following points relevant (directly connected) to the question in activity 1?
Select Yes if the point is relevant, No if it’s irrelevant (not directly connected) and Maybe if it could be relevant.
How many of the ideas from task 2 are included?
The linking words have been deleted from the essay. Click on words in the box and then on the relevant gap to complete the text.
|1.||Recently a large increase can be seen in the number of students going abroad to study. This is partly people are better off and partly the diverse range of different grants and scholarships which are available for overseas students. foreign study may not be advisable for some because of personal or financial reasons, the majority of students benefit a great deal from overseas study.|
|2.||Studying in a foreign country has a number of benefits. , it could give students access to knowledge and facilities libraries and science labs which are not found in the student’s country of origin. , students may have access to a wider range of courses in foreign countries than they do at home could help them to find one that fits more closely with their individual interests and requirements. , studying abroad can have some drawbacks. These can be categorized into personal and professional.|
|3.||, studying abroad obviously requires the student to leave his family and friends for a long period, may make the student lonely he is unused to spending time away from his support network. , studying in a foreign country is almost always more expensive than studying in the student’s home country. , studying in a foreign country means the student will probably be studying in a foreign language, which may limit his performance and make studying and exams more stressful.|
|4.||In my opinion, , the drawbacks of studying abroad are usually only temporary the student will return home after a year or two of foreign study. Students study abroad usually become proficient in the language quickly and they have lots of experiences and meet lots of people that they would not encounter at home. , the benefits of the international network of friends and increased knowledge will last the student all his life and is likely to make him more successful in finding a job.|
IELTSTutors.org - All these IELTS lessons are completely free, so enjoy studying and let us know if you have any questions or suggestions!
About The IELTS Test
Academic Writing Task 1
Academic Writing Task 2
Cause And Effect
Coherence And Cohesion
Complete The Notes
Complete The Table
Frequently Asked Questions
General Training Reading
General Writing Task 1
General Writing Task 2
Listening Section 1
Listening Section 2
Listening Section 3
Listening Section 4
Speaking Part 1
Speaking Part 2
Speaking Part 3
True / False / Not Given