Academic writing task 1 is always a report on statistics, a process or maps.
In order to get a band 7+, the first line of your introduction must give the reader the basic information about the data, process or map.
The best way to start the introduction is to paraphrase (write in your own way) the information in the rubric (the statement written on the question paper).
In this class we are going to:
How do I paraphrase the information about the graph?
To paraphrase, you must express the same meaning but use different words to those on the question paper.
Example description of graph
‘The graph below shows population figures for India and China since the year 2000 and predicted population growth up until 2050.’
‘The graph illustrates how the populations of India and China have changed from 2000 and how they will continue to grow up to 2050.’
Some phrases such as ‘India and China’ and the dates ‘2000’ and ‘2050’ cannot be changed. It is fine to keep these key words the same.
You need to know synonyms which you can use to paraphrase the rubric. Match the pairs of synonyms below.
Match the synonyms
|The graphs above give information about computer ownership as a percentage of the population between 2002 and 2010.|
The provide concerning the of the population who owned computers an 8-year period.
|The line graph below shows changes in the amount and type of fast food consumed by Australian teenagers from 1975 to 2000.|
The chart the in the type and of fast food which was by Australian teenagers in the last quarter of the 20th century.
|The first diagram shows how cement is produced. The second diagram shows the production of concrete.|
The two diagrams reveal the industrial by which cement and concrete are .
|The graph shows the average number of hours worked by single parents per week in 3 European countries over a 10 year period.|
The chart the workload in hours per week of single parents in a number of European countries over a .
|The tables show the amount of Fairtrade-labelled tomatoes and tea imported into 5 European countries in 2000 and 2008.|
|5.||The the of fair-trade tomato and tea imported to certain European countries in two separate years.|
can be used instead of giving a list or number of countries.
…the process by which ____ is produced
can be used to introduce what is produced in a process diagram
…in two separate years
can be used when the graph/chart/table has data on two different years
Practice using this language next time you write your paraphrase for your writing task 1. Want to find out more about how to write a high band task 1 essay?Check out more of our articles on this topic!
Here at IELTSTutors.org we want you to be fully prepared for the IELTS test so we dedicate a lot of time to focusing on this tricky area of grammar. Review what you know by rereading our previous post - complex noun phrases 1 - on this subject, then complete the quiz below.
Complex Noun Phrases Quiz
A company sold cars in November. The sales fell.
One sentence with a noun phrase:
[Sales of cars] fell in November.
[The number of cars sold] fell in November
[The number of cars sold by the company] fell in November
Note: The complex noun phrase is 'sales of cars' or 'the number of cars sold (by the company)'. Notice that grammatically, we use a complex noun phrase like a single noun, so we could replace the whole complex noun phrase with 'it': It fell in November. (But only of course if we have already said what 'it' is earlier in the text.)
Complete the sentences with a noun phrase
|I work for a bank. I work in the head office.|
|1.||I work in the bank.|
|I went to the meeting. I went with two colleagues.|
|2.||I went to the meeting .|
|Some people continue to work after retirement. The number is increasing.|
|3.||The number of after retirement is increasing.|
|A percentage of people complaind about the service. The percentage fell in October.|
|4.||The percentage of people about the service fell in October.|
|An offer was made by a big business. The offer was rejected.|
|5||An offer by a big business was rejected.|
|NASA has satellites. The satellites are orbiting other planets in our solar system.|
|6.||NASA has satellites other planets in our solar system.|
|I opened a savings account at a bank. Speedbank is the name of the bank.|
|7.||I opened a savings account .|
|An article is going to be published tomorrow. The article reveals a political scandal.|
|8.||An article is going to be published tomorrow political scandal.|
|My favourite movie is a science fiction film. It is based on a Japanese comic.|
|9.||My favourite film is a science fiction film Japanese comic.|
|Less young people are buying their own homes. In the past, more young people bought their own homes.|
|10.||The proportion their own homes has fallen.|
|Lots of rubbish lies on the riverbed. It is dangerous to wildlife.|
|11.||Rubbish is dangerous to wildlife.|
|Ships transport goods around the world. These ships are responsible for a lot of greenhouse gas emissions.|
|12.||Ships around the world account for a large proportion of greenhouse gas emissions.|
For more great free interactive grammar lessons, visit our Grammar Page.
Here is an IELTS General Training Writing Task 1 prompt (instruction):
- Thank your friend for letting you stay
- Explain that you left an important file and where it can be found
- Request that your friend to return it
Begin your letter as follows: ‘Dear…...,’
Understand the Prompt
Choose an answer for each question or statement below
Think of Details
Think about the Tone
The salutation should be ‘Dear + first name’. For example, ‘Dear Sally,’. Don’t use Mr. or Mrs. with a family name as this is much too formal.
To end the letter, you could use one of these informal sign off expressions - regards, my warmest regards, take care or see you soon.
Timing in the Test
5 minutes - analyze the prompt and plan your letter.
10 minutes - write your letter.
5 minutes – check for mistakes. Pay attention to spelling ad grammar
Our Example Letter
Order the sentences in the paragraphs
Thank you so much for letting me stay with you last weekend. It was lovely to spend some quality time with you after so long and I got a great night’s sleep before my presentation at the conference.
Unfortunately, I left a file containing lots of important documents in the room I slept in. I think it may have fallen between the side of the bed and the bedside table. I am concerned that my manager will be angry if he finds out the documents have gone missing. I don’t want any problems at work, so would you please be able to return the file to me as soon as possible.
I think the best way to return the file is to send it with a courier company such as DHL. Please send it next day delivery and make sure it is recorded delivery as well, just in case there are any problems. Let me know how much it costs and I will transfer the money to you straight away.
Thank you for your help.
See you again soon,
Final Writing Exercise
- Request to stay at your friend’s house
- Explain why you would like to stay
- offer your friend some kind of remuneration for letting you stay.
Begin your letter as follows: ‘Dear…...,
To learn more, check out our Letter Writing | Functional Language lesson.
Note: If the interactive exercises aren't giving you a score, try refreshing the page.
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About The IELTS Test
Academic Writing Task 1
Academic Writing Task 2
Cause And Effect
Coherence And Cohesion
Complete The Notes
Complete The Table
Frequently Asked Questions
General Training Reading
General Writing Task 1
General Writing Task 2
Listening Section 1
Listening Section 2
Listening Section 3
Listening Section 4
Problem Solution Essay
Speaking Part 1
Speaking Part 2
Speaking Part 3
True / False / Not Given