Today’s lesson is how to write about a process in IELTS Writing Task 1. Diagrams are less common than statistics but we still see them sometimes and so we need to be prepared. A lot of people think it’s easier to write about a process than statistics. What do you think? Please leave your tips or questions in the comments section at the end of the post.
An example process diagram:
|1.||The diagram a product's environmental influence over its . Between being and being or thrown away, there are involved in a process that allows the producer to receive feedback from the consumer to subsequently the product in future cycles.|
- what each stage does
- what it produces
- if any materials are added
- the relationship with the previous or later stages.
- the information in the diagram only, don’t use your imagination to predict or make assumptions.
- if there are any technical terms in the diagram, you may use them in your answer
- if it is a man-made process, we generally use the passive voice
- if it is a natural process, we generally use the active voice
Organizing the steps of the process
- After that
- As a result
Double Check your Writing
- If someone who has never seen the diagram reads your answer, would they understand your description of the process?
- Have you written at least 150 words?
- Are there at least 3 clearly defined paragraphs? Leave a line between each paragraph.
- Did you paraphrase the information in the question? This should start your introduction.
- Did you include a short overview in the introduction?
- Have you only included information that is to be found in the diagram? Don’t write about anything which is not seen in the diagram.
- Do verbs and subjects agree? In the present tense the verb must be modified if the subject is he/she/it. I like but she likes.
- Are the verbs in the correct tense? Usually diagrams should be described in the present tense but it will tell you in the question if the diagram is about a past, present or future process.
- Have you used lots of short simple sentences that you could combine to make more complex sentences? More complex language should get you a higher band score (if it’s correct).
- Have you used vocabulary repetitively? If so, think about synonyms (words with the same meaning) you could use.
Practice Activity 1 - Understanding the Diagram
It's a good idea to use this vocabulary in our response.
- Malted barley
- Spent grain animal feed
Practice Activity 2 - Complete the model answer
|The diagram illustrates the ten steps required to turn malted barley, water, sugar, hops and yeast into beer, can then be sold.|
|, sacks of malted barley are opened and the barely is passed through a milling machine, water is added and it is mashed. The mash is then separated in a lautering container. The spent grain is sold as animal feed the remaining liquid is mixed with hops and sugar. This mixture is boiled and constantly mixed in a whirlpool the heat is turned off and it is passed into a cooling tank.|
|cooling, yeast is added to the mixture and this results in fermentation. More yeast and CO2 are created by this alcohol-producing process. After fermenting, the beer is passed into storage containers it matures. It can now be filtered and is then ready to be packaged and distributed by truck for sale.|
Practice Activity 3 – Writing Practice
Activity 1 - Fill in the gaps
|1.||The three charts demonstrate many academic journal articles are read each week by all students at at an American university compared to just the PHD students junior lecturers at the same institution.|
|2.||, 12 articles per week are read by the vast majority of people studying for doctorates in comparison with the average student. The proportions are 80% and 12% . , on average 67% of all students read 1-5 articles, for PhD students this figure is only 5%.|
|3.||, for junior lecturers this pattern appears to be a little different. 6 or more articles a week are read by an overwhelming 99% of junior lecturers, out of this group 24% read 12 or more articles, is almost a third of the corresponding figure for PhD level students.|
|4.||It is obvious from the charts PhD level students read far more articles than either junior lecturers or the average student.|
Activity 2 - Match the meanings
The previous blog post in the series talks about the structure of 'give your opinion' tasks. Don't forget to check it out if you haven't already.
What are the most serious problems associated with the internet and what solutions can you suggest?
These questions ask you about the aspects of a problem:
- What are the problems created by this and what solutions can you suggest?
- What are the causes of this? What measures can be taken to solve this problem?
Cause 1 and Solution 1 Paragraph
Cause 2 and Solution 2 Paragraph
One of the first problems of the internet is the ease with which children can access potentially dangerous sites. For example, pornography sites are easily accessible to them because they can register with a site and claim to be an adult. There is no doubt that this affects their thoughts and development, which is a negative impact for the children and for society. Another major problem is the growth of online fraud and hacking. These days, there are constant news stories about government and company websites that have been hacked, resulting in sensitive information falling into the hands of criminals.
It is important that action is taken to combat these problems. Governments should ensure that adequate legislation and controls are in place that will prevent young people from accessing dangerous sites, such as requiring more than simply confirming that you are an adult to view a site.
Parents also have a part to play. They need to closely monitor the activities of their children and restrict their access to certain sites, which can now be done through various computer programs. Companies must also improve their onsite IT security systems to make fraud and hacking much more difficult by undertaking thorough reviews of their current systems for weaknesses.
To conclude, the internet is an amazing technological innovation that has transformed people’s lives, but not without negative impacts. However, with the right action by individuals, governments and businesses, it can be made a safe place for everyone.
Answer the questions below, then compare your answers to ours.
- Introduction paragraph
- Problems paragraph (two problems are mentioned)
- Solution 1 paragraph
- Solution 2 paragraph
Another major problem is the growth of online fraud and hacking.
...there are constant news stories about government and company websites that have been hacked...
This is not the only way to divide up these paragraphs. We could also divide them up into a paragraph of dangerous site solutions and a paragraph of security solutions. Its up to you to decide what you like best, but make sure your decision is logical.
To conclude, the internet is an amazing technological innovation that has transformed people’s lives, but not without negative impacts.
The conclusion could be improved by briefly mentioning what the negative impacts are:
...but not without the negative impacts of exposure to dangerous websites and the stealing of sensitive information.
If you try and structure the paragraphs of your essay and the sentences in your paragraphs as we have suggested here, you are really going to improve your Coherence and Cohesion band score.
Just remember that everything you write must be connected to the question. Ultimately good structure is only half of the game – accurate use of a wide range of vocabulary and grammar is also very important so don’t forget to work on those as well.
We have a more in depth problem/solution essay class here.
Up next is a lesson teaching advantages and disadvantages essay types.
See you next time!
Note: If the interactive exercises aren't giving you a score, try refreshing the page.
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About The IELTS Test
Academic Writing Task 1
Academic Writing Task 2
Cause And Effect
Coherence And Cohesion
Complete The Notes
Complete The Table
Frequently Asked Questions
General Training Reading
General Writing Task 1
General Writing Task 2
Listening Section 1
Listening Section 2
Listening Section 3
Listening Section 4
Problem Solution Essay
Speaking Part 1
Speaking Part 2
Speaking Part 3
True / False / Not Given