One of the things we get asked about the most by our students is prepositions for dealing with writing task 1. Our first class on describing data provides some rules about how to use prepositions in writing task 1.
This class provides an exercise to help you analyse data and structure your report and a practice activity which will test your ability to use prepositions. As always, let us know what you think and leave your ideas in the comments section at the end.
Below is a typical IELTS Academic Task 1 graph that we are expected to summarise.
We will look at a model answer for this task in Exercise 2. First, let's look at what you already know about how to answer a task like this.
This word is used to give an idea that supports or adds information to your main idea. It is used before the main verb.
For example, Car sales also increased in Germany.
It is used between the auxiliary verb and the main verb.
For example, Car sales have also increased in Argentina.
This adverb is used at the start of a sentence that is adding similar facts or ideas.
For example, More time needs to be spent educating people about the drawbacks of social media. Similarly, we should teach children about how to correctly make use of the internet.
This word is usually used at the start of a sentence which adds contrasting or surprising information. This word is an academic synonym for but.
For example, The sale of cars fell in the UK. However, overall worldwide sales showed an increase.
This word can be used mid-sentence to link two contrasting clauses but a comma must be used both before and after it.
For example, The sale of cars fell in the UK, however, overall worldwide sales showed an increase.
This adverb can be used at the beginning of a sentence which give the result of something described in the previous sentence.
For example, Sales fell dramatically in the UK. Consequently, the company went bankrupt and closed down.
Exercise 1 | Know the relationship of ideas
There are 8 incomplete sentences. One word has been deleted from each sentence. It is important to understand the function of words (why they are used). The missing word may be used for one of the following functions.
- To add supporting information
- To show contrast
- To show a result
|It is clear that the use of traditional fossil fuels to power vehicles and create the electricity is not sustainable. In certain countries plans have been made to remove petrol and diesel powered cars over the next 15 to 20 years. Both universities and companies are researching appropriate replacement technology and advances in this technology are occurring all the time. 1. , companies and governments are spending more and more on research into renewable energy such as solar power, which can provide cheap energy in the sunny areas of the planet. Wind farms 2. provide a good source of alternative energy, this time for colder, cloudier northern countries such as the UK. 3. , we are seeing big changes in the way that energy is produced in many parts of the world.|
|This technology is reducing the pollution created by electricity production and is 4. becoming more affordable. 5. , there is much work still to be done if we are to save the planet from the dreadful effects of global warming that scientists predict will occur. More must be done to reduce toxic gas emissions from electricity production. 6. , we must drastically reduce the number of fossil fuel powered vehicles on the road. Some polluting energy companies are unwilling to change their businesses, 7. , some are spending more money on renewable energy research. 8. , there is much to feel positive about in terms of the fight against polluting technology but society must keep working together towards the goal of a cleaner healthier world.|
Exercise 2 | Apply Linking words
Exercise 1 | What do you already know?
True of False?
Open to see answer explanations
To prepare, look through example part 3 questions and think about how you would answer them. It is also good to read newspaper articles so you have good general knowledge to help you answer these kinds of questions.
Exercise 2 | Different Question Types
Exercise 3 | Important Language
|may, , could|
|it is forecast that…, , it is likely that…|
Describing changes over time
|the general trend has been that…|
Note: Present perfect simple and continuous for unfinished actions
Comparing and contrasting
|bigger than - comparative adjective + than|
|the biggest -|
|as big as -|
Giving reasons for a state or situation
|because, , as|
Note: Present simple for giving facts
Discussing benefits and drawbacks
|pros, , positives|
|negatives, , disadvantages|
Exercise 4 | Test your Knowledge
|Examiner:||How has the internet changed the way people communicate?|
|Candidate:||Well, that’s a good question. It is clear that the internet has had a major impact on the way we communicate. It has the way people maintain friendships as it is now much to stay in contact with people that we don’t see on a regular basis. I think there for people to have more friends than they did before the introduction of digital communication. Platforms such as Facebook and Instagram make it much simpler for us to stay up to date with people on the far side of the .|
|Examiner:||What are the advantages and disadvantages for students of using the internet to do research?|
|Candidate:||Firstly, I will start with the of using the internet for research purposes. There are many. A strong example is that it is a and efficient way to find out information. There are many sites which act as online encyclopedias allowing students to very discover general information about any given topic without needing to even leave the house. However, there is a major to these types of sites, namely, that they are open to the public to modify and the information cannot be trusted one hundred percent. Anyone with any kind of agenda can the information and so students must double check what they discover online in published and peer reviewed literature.|
|Examiner:||How is communication technology likely to change in the future?|
|Candidate:||there will be dire consequences of advances in digital communication technology. In particular, some people, famous scientists amongst them, that AI will be developed which will become sentient and try to destroy humanity, like in the terminator or matrix movies, this seems a bit far-fetched to me. I think we are to see digital technology really making the world a better place. I think it is highly likely that we will see everyone in the world connected and this be extremely democratic, as long as no corporations or nations monopolise control, as it allow everyone a voice and everyone will have equal access to information and the opportunities that this provides.|
Listen to the conversation below to check your answers. Copy the stressed sounds and rhythm of the candidate to improve your pronunciation.
Exercise 5 | Vocabulary
We hope you have found this lesson useful. Check out our other interactive exercises here.
IELTSTutors.org - All these IELTS lessons are completely free, so enjoy studying and let us know if you have any questions or suggestions!
About The IELTS Test
Academic Writing Task 1
Academic Writing Task 2
Cause And Effect
Coherence And Cohesion
Complete The Notes
Complete The Table
Frequently Asked Questions
General Training Reading
General Writing Task 1
General Writing Task 2
Listening Section 1
Listening Section 2
Listening Section 3
Listening Section 4
Speaking Part 1
Speaking Part 2
Speaking Part 3
True / False / Not Given