We have looked at both passive and active participle clauses and their use in complex noun phrases. In this lesson we have 2 activities to strengthen your understanding of what we have learned so far.
Go through the lessons in the links above if you need to remind yourself about the grammar of participle clauses.
|1.||The man next door is very friendly.|
|2.||The old apartment block, in by only a few families, is due to be demolished next year.|
|3.||Economic problems by corruption and a lack of investment are likely to remain divisive.|
|4.||a major protest, the government raised fuel prices.|
|5.||Harmful emissions from the burning of fossil fuels the environment is one of the major problems we face today.|
|6.||to the point of being classified dead 60 years ago, the river Thames in England is now full of life again.|
|7.||Diabetes, by the health service as one of their biggest expenditures in terms of medication, is easily avoided if a person has a healthy lifestyle.|
|8.||Many people themselves as speakers of minority languages feel more should be done to protect their linguistic heritage.|
|1.||Students who rely on digital technology too much often struggle in exams.|
|Students digital technology too much often struggle in exams.|
|2.||The original copy of the book, which was illustrated by a famous illustrator, is worth a lot of money today.|
|The original copy of the book, a famous illustrator, is worth a lot of money today.|
|3.||Businesses which prioritize the happiness and well-being of their employees are likely to see their employees work harder.|
|Businesses the happiness and well-being of their employees are likely to see their employees work harder.|
|4.||The statistics were analyzed by the government. The statistics were used to inform the new policy.|
|, the statistics were used to inform the new policy.|
|5.||The family who will fund the new building want their name over the door.|
|The family the new building want their name over the door.|
|6.||The American government prohibited alcohol in the 1920’s. The American government did nothing more than force people to break the law.|
|in the 1920’s, the American government did nothing more than force people to break the law.|
|7.||The people who invested in cryptocurrencies in the early days made a lot of money.|
|The people cryptocurrencies in the early days made a lot of money.|
|8.||Jason and the Argonauts sought after the golden fleece which was a mythical sheep’s skin.|
|by Jason and the Argonauts, the golden fleece was a mythical sheep’s skin.|
For more free band 7 grammar lessons, see our Grammar Page.
Complete the Collocations
Practice Task | Speaking
You should also use this new vocabulary often to insure you don't forget it. Record yourself answering the questions below as this will help you to prepare for possible questions in the IELTS speaking test. Listen back to the recording and check for errors and breaks in your fluency.
- Should the government put more pressure on people to live a healthy lifestyle?
- What impact does industry have on the environment in your country?
- What is your main purpose for doing the IELTS test?
- Have you ever failed to take advantage of an opportunity to do something or go somewhere?
- Is the gap between the rich and poor becoming wider in your country? Why/not?
Select the Correct Answer
For more, see our lesson on Referencing Data in Academic Writing Task 1.
For more, visit our Articles lesson.
For more, see our lessons on Collocations.
To learn more, go to our Gerund or Infinitive Quiz.
For more, visit our Linking Phrases lesson.
To study more, see our Suffixes lesson.
We have a lesson on Relative Clauses for you to learn more.
Note also that we could use ‘this’ instead, but we like to use ‘this’ to reference the information in the last part of the previous sentence (in this case people might assume ‘this’ would reference the ‘benefit a country’ part of the sentence, not ‘Improving the education of women’).
Here is a lesson on referencing for you to learn more.
Here is another collocations quiz to give you more practice.
IELTSTutors.org - All these IELTS lessons are completely free, so enjoy studying and let us know if you have any questions or suggestions!
About The IELTS Test
Academic Writing Task 1
Academic Writing Task 2
Cause And Effect
Coherence And Cohesion
Complete The Notes
Complete The Table
Frequently Asked Questions
General Training Reading
General Writing Task 1
General Writing Task 2
Listening Section 1
Listening Section 2
Listening Section 3
Listening Section 4
Speaking Part 1
Speaking Part 2
Speaking Part 3
True / False / Not Given